Flame-spread limit from interactive burning droplets in microgravity

Yasuko Yoshida, Kentaro Iwai, Kentaro Nagata, Takehiko Seo, Masato Mikami, Osamu Moriue, Tetsuya Sakashita, Masao Kikuchi, Takuma Suzuki, Masaki Nokura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This research conducted microgravity experiments on the flame spread over droplet-cloud elements with strong droplet interaction aboard Kibo on the ISS. The droplet-cloud element represents a local droplet pattern appearing in randomly distributed droplet clouds near the group-combustion-excitation limit and consists of small-droplet-spacing droplets and large-droplet-spacing droplets. As droplet-cloud elements, we used four n-decane droplets, Droplets C, B, A and L, placed at fiber intersections of two-dimensional SiC-fiber lattice with a 4-mm fiber interval in a combustion chamber. The flame spreads over the droplet-cloud element in order of Droplets C, B, A and L. The position of Droplet L relative to Droplet A was varied to investigate the flame-spread-limit distribution around burning Droplet A. The position of Droplet B relative to Droplet A was varied to investigate the effect of two-droplet interaction between Droplets B and A on the flame spread to Droplet L. The position of Droplet C relative to Droplet B was also varied to investigate the effect of three-droplet interaction among Droplets C, B and A. The results shows that in the case with the strong interaction by two or three interactive droplets, the high-temperature region is enlarged by the droplet interaction, centers near the center of mass of the interactive droplets and plays an important role in the flame-spread-limit distribution. Since the burning lifetime of Droplet A is finite, the flame-spread time from burning Droplet A to Droplet L is limited by burning lifetime of Droplet A and is less than 80% of the burning lifetime of Droplet A, which increases with the interactive effect. The flame-spread-limit distance from the center of mass of the interactive droplets increases with the burning lifetime.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3409-3416
Number of pages8
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

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Microgravity
microgravity
flames
life (durability)
fibers
center of mass
spacing
International Space Station
interactions
combustion chambers
intersections
intervals
excitation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Flame-spread limit from interactive burning droplets in microgravity. / Yoshida, Yasuko; Iwai, Kentaro; Nagata, Kentaro; Seo, Takehiko; Mikami, Masato; Moriue, Osamu; Sakashita, Tetsuya; Kikuchi, Masao; Suzuki, Takuma; Nokura, Masaki.

In: Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Vol. 37, No. 3, 01.01.2019, p. 3409-3416.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yoshida, Y, Iwai, K, Nagata, K, Seo, T, Mikami, M, Moriue, O, Sakashita, T, Kikuchi, M, Suzuki, T & Nokura, M 2019, 'Flame-spread limit from interactive burning droplets in microgravity', Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 3409-3416. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proci.2018.07.106
Yoshida, Yasuko ; Iwai, Kentaro ; Nagata, Kentaro ; Seo, Takehiko ; Mikami, Masato ; Moriue, Osamu ; Sakashita, Tetsuya ; Kikuchi, Masao ; Suzuki, Takuma ; Nokura, Masaki. / Flame-spread limit from interactive burning droplets in microgravity. In: Proceedings of the Combustion Institute. 2019 ; Vol. 37, No. 3. pp. 3409-3416.
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AU - Moriue, Osamu

AU - Sakashita, Tetsuya

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AU - Suzuki, Takuma

AU - Nokura, Masaki

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AB - This research conducted microgravity experiments on the flame spread over droplet-cloud elements with strong droplet interaction aboard Kibo on the ISS. The droplet-cloud element represents a local droplet pattern appearing in randomly distributed droplet clouds near the group-combustion-excitation limit and consists of small-droplet-spacing droplets and large-droplet-spacing droplets. As droplet-cloud elements, we used four n-decane droplets, Droplets C, B, A and L, placed at fiber intersections of two-dimensional SiC-fiber lattice with a 4-mm fiber interval in a combustion chamber. The flame spreads over the droplet-cloud element in order of Droplets C, B, A and L. The position of Droplet L relative to Droplet A was varied to investigate the flame-spread-limit distribution around burning Droplet A. The position of Droplet B relative to Droplet A was varied to investigate the effect of two-droplet interaction between Droplets B and A on the flame spread to Droplet L. The position of Droplet C relative to Droplet B was also varied to investigate the effect of three-droplet interaction among Droplets C, B and A. The results shows that in the case with the strong interaction by two or three interactive droplets, the high-temperature region is enlarged by the droplet interaction, centers near the center of mass of the interactive droplets and plays an important role in the flame-spread-limit distribution. Since the burning lifetime of Droplet A is finite, the flame-spread time from burning Droplet A to Droplet L is limited by burning lifetime of Droplet A and is less than 80% of the burning lifetime of Droplet A, which increases with the interactive effect. The flame-spread-limit distance from the center of mass of the interactive droplets increases with the burning lifetime.

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