Flattening the surface of caf2si(100) structures by post-growth annealing

Tanemasa Asano, Hiroshi Ishiwara, Seijiro Furukawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The surface morphologies of CaF2films epitaxially grown on Si(100) substrates by vacuum evaporation are investigated by replica transmission electron microscopy and reflection electron diffraction analyses. It is found that (111) facets, which appear at the surface of as-grown CaF2films, are extirpated and the surface is flattened by post-growth annealing at temperatures above 650degC. Both ex situ annealing and in situ annealing are used, and the in situ annealing is shown to be useful for flattening the surface without generating cracks. The post-growth annealing is also effective in improving the crystalline quality of the CaF2films, as measured by ion channeling measurements. Usefulness of a two-step growth method for growing smooth CaF2films is demonstrated. From observations of the dynamical process of the surface flattening, it is pointed out that mass transports for the flattening are dominantly progressed by surface diffusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1193-1198
Number of pages6
JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics
Volume27
Issue number7R
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1988
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

flattening
Annealing
annealing
Electron reflection
Vacuum evaporation
Surface diffusion
surface diffusion
replicas
Electron diffraction
Surface morphology
flat surfaces
Mass transfer
electron diffraction
cracks
evaporation
Crystalline materials
Transmission electron microscopy
Cracks
vacuum
transmission electron microscopy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Flattening the surface of caf2si(100) structures by post-growth annealing. / Asano, Tanemasa; Ishiwara, Hiroshi; Furukawa, Seijiro.

In: Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 27, No. 7R, 01.01.1988, p. 1193-1198.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Asano, Tanemasa ; Ishiwara, Hiroshi ; Furukawa, Seijiro. / Flattening the surface of caf2si(100) structures by post-growth annealing. In: Japanese Journal of Applied Physics. 1988 ; Vol. 27, No. 7R. pp. 1193-1198.
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