Specific determination of chromium(III) and chromium(VI) in natural water samples was performed without mutual separation. The chromium in sample solution was concentrated on cation-exchange resin packed in a flow-through cell as a reaction product of chromium(VI) with diphenylcarbazide. The absorbance increase caused by the accumulation of the complex on cation-exchange resin was continuously measured. By using peroxodisulfate as an oxidizing agent, the chromium(III) in sample solution was completely oxidized to chromium(VI). The chromium(III) concentration was calculated by the difference between the values of the total chromium and chromium(VI). The detection limit for chromium(VI) and total chromium was 70 pg and 120 pg, respectively. This method was applied to the specific determination of chromium in several natural water samples. The results of the total chromium obtained by the proposed method show moderate agreement with that obtained with ICP-MS. Unlike the previous results reported in chromium speciation studies, the predominant chromium species in natural water was chromium(VI).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Environmental Chemistry