Flow measurement with LDV around rear rotor of contra-rotating axial flow pump at partial flow rate

Satoshi Watanabe, Shuichi Yamashita, Yusuke Tsunenari, Kusuo Okuma, Akinori Furukawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An application of contra-rotating rotors, in which a rear rotor is employed in tandem with a front one and these rotors rotate in the opposite direction each other, has been proposed against a demand for developing higher specific speed axial flow pump. The most important feature of contra-rotating axial flow pump is that the rear rotor, installed instead of the stator of conventional type, plays a role not only to recover the static head but also to give the energy to the fluid directly. Then, the rotational speed or the pump size could be reduced with the same design specifications of pump head and flow rate as those of the conventional type. As another advantage, contra-rotating rotor theoretically yields a stable head-characteristic curve with a negative slope. In actual performance test of contra-rotating axial flow pump, a positive slope of head-characteristic curve, however, appears at the partial flow rate, which seems to be in the same manner to conventional type, depending on the rotors design. In the present study, in order to investigate the flow mechanism of head deterioration at the partial flow rate, blade-to-blade velocity distributions around the rear rotor have been measured with Laser Doppler Velocimetry (LDV) in the partial flow rate conditions by ensemble averaging technique with the rotating position of the rear rotor. Flow distributions in the tip region of rear rotor at flow rates just before and after the head deterioration are compared and the flow mechanism of head deterioration is discussed with the help of static head distribution on the casing wall.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)850-855
Number of pages6
JournalNihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B
Volume74
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2008

Fingerprint

axial flow pumps
Axial flow
flow measurement
Flow measurement
Velocity measurement
rotors
flow velocity
Rotors
Flow rate
Pumps
Lasers
lasers
deterioration
Deterioration
blades
Turbomachine blades
pumps
slopes
casing
performance tests

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Flow measurement with LDV around rear rotor of contra-rotating axial flow pump at partial flow rate. / Watanabe, Satoshi; Yamashita, Shuichi; Tsunenari, Yusuke; Okuma, Kusuo; Furukawa, Akinori.

In: Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B, Vol. 74, No. 4, 04.2008, p. 850-855.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{85d711d2892e471ca91a399237d0de02,
title = "Flow measurement with LDV around rear rotor of contra-rotating axial flow pump at partial flow rate",
abstract = "An application of contra-rotating rotors, in which a rear rotor is employed in tandem with a front one and these rotors rotate in the opposite direction each other, has been proposed against a demand for developing higher specific speed axial flow pump. The most important feature of contra-rotating axial flow pump is that the rear rotor, installed instead of the stator of conventional type, plays a role not only to recover the static head but also to give the energy to the fluid directly. Then, the rotational speed or the pump size could be reduced with the same design specifications of pump head and flow rate as those of the conventional type. As another advantage, contra-rotating rotor theoretically yields a stable head-characteristic curve with a negative slope. In actual performance test of contra-rotating axial flow pump, a positive slope of head-characteristic curve, however, appears at the partial flow rate, which seems to be in the same manner to conventional type, depending on the rotors design. In the present study, in order to investigate the flow mechanism of head deterioration at the partial flow rate, blade-to-blade velocity distributions around the rear rotor have been measured with Laser Doppler Velocimetry (LDV) in the partial flow rate conditions by ensemble averaging technique with the rotating position of the rear rotor. Flow distributions in the tip region of rear rotor at flow rates just before and after the head deterioration are compared and the flow mechanism of head deterioration is discussed with the help of static head distribution on the casing wall.",
author = "Satoshi Watanabe and Shuichi Yamashita and Yusuke Tsunenari and Kusuo Okuma and Akinori Furukawa",
year = "2008",
month = "4",
language = "English",
volume = "74",
pages = "850--855",
journal = "Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B",
issn = "0387-5016",
publisher = "The Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Flow measurement with LDV around rear rotor of contra-rotating axial flow pump at partial flow rate

AU - Watanabe, Satoshi

AU - Yamashita, Shuichi

AU - Tsunenari, Yusuke

AU - Okuma, Kusuo

AU - Furukawa, Akinori

PY - 2008/4

Y1 - 2008/4

N2 - An application of contra-rotating rotors, in which a rear rotor is employed in tandem with a front one and these rotors rotate in the opposite direction each other, has been proposed against a demand for developing higher specific speed axial flow pump. The most important feature of contra-rotating axial flow pump is that the rear rotor, installed instead of the stator of conventional type, plays a role not only to recover the static head but also to give the energy to the fluid directly. Then, the rotational speed or the pump size could be reduced with the same design specifications of pump head and flow rate as those of the conventional type. As another advantage, contra-rotating rotor theoretically yields a stable head-characteristic curve with a negative slope. In actual performance test of contra-rotating axial flow pump, a positive slope of head-characteristic curve, however, appears at the partial flow rate, which seems to be in the same manner to conventional type, depending on the rotors design. In the present study, in order to investigate the flow mechanism of head deterioration at the partial flow rate, blade-to-blade velocity distributions around the rear rotor have been measured with Laser Doppler Velocimetry (LDV) in the partial flow rate conditions by ensemble averaging technique with the rotating position of the rear rotor. Flow distributions in the tip region of rear rotor at flow rates just before and after the head deterioration are compared and the flow mechanism of head deterioration is discussed with the help of static head distribution on the casing wall.

AB - An application of contra-rotating rotors, in which a rear rotor is employed in tandem with a front one and these rotors rotate in the opposite direction each other, has been proposed against a demand for developing higher specific speed axial flow pump. The most important feature of contra-rotating axial flow pump is that the rear rotor, installed instead of the stator of conventional type, plays a role not only to recover the static head but also to give the energy to the fluid directly. Then, the rotational speed or the pump size could be reduced with the same design specifications of pump head and flow rate as those of the conventional type. As another advantage, contra-rotating rotor theoretically yields a stable head-characteristic curve with a negative slope. In actual performance test of contra-rotating axial flow pump, a positive slope of head-characteristic curve, however, appears at the partial flow rate, which seems to be in the same manner to conventional type, depending on the rotors design. In the present study, in order to investigate the flow mechanism of head deterioration at the partial flow rate, blade-to-blade velocity distributions around the rear rotor have been measured with Laser Doppler Velocimetry (LDV) in the partial flow rate conditions by ensemble averaging technique with the rotating position of the rear rotor. Flow distributions in the tip region of rear rotor at flow rates just before and after the head deterioration are compared and the flow mechanism of head deterioration is discussed with the help of static head distribution on the casing wall.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=48249120074&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=48249120074&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:48249120074

VL - 74

SP - 850

EP - 855

JO - Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B

JF - Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B

SN - 0387-5016

IS - 4

ER -