Fluorescence Differentiation of ATP-related Multiple Enzymatic Activities in Synovial Fluid as a Marker of Calcium Pyrophosphate Deposition Disease using Kyoto Green

Nattha Yongwattana, Nutsara Mekjinda, Tulyapruek Tawonsawatruk, Itaru Hamachi, Akio Ojida, Jirarut Wongkongkatep

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease (CPPD) is a crystal induced inflammation in joints, and causes severe pain in elderly people. The accumulation of pyrophosphate (PPi) in synovial fluid (SF) results from several enzymatic reactions, especially the highly activated e-NPPs, which catalyze the conversion of ATP to PPi. This study demonstrates the detection of relative catalytic activity of 3 enzymes—ecto-nucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterases (e-NPPs), tissue nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNAP), and ecto-nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolases (e-NTPDases)—using a single molecular sensor called Kyoto Green. Kyoto Green exhibits excellent performance in sensing the catalytic activity of the commercial representatives of the e-NPPs, TNAP, and e-NTPDases, which are ENPP1, PPase, and apyrase, respectively, in both single-enzyme and multi-enzyme assays. Analysis of SF enzymes in 19 SF samples from human and swine revealed moderate activity of e-NPPs, high activity of e-NTPDases, and low activity of TNAP. Our newly developed method for analysis of multiple enzymatic activities using Kyoto Green in biological SF will assist improvement in accuracy of the CPPD prognosis/diagnosis, which will minimize unnecessary medical procedures.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1116
JournalMolecules
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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