A rapid and easy method to discriminate plant cultivars is indispensable to confirm food labeling. We established a fluorogenic ribonuclease protection (FRIP) assay to discriminate Japanese rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars based on single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). The FRIP assay uses a hybridization technique between fluorescent probes and the target sequence prepared by run-off transcription, but the requirement of two PCR thermocycles is the problem when preparing template DNA for run-off transcription from rice genomic DNA. In this study, we designed new PCR primers with asymmetric melting temperatures. These primers amplified the target SNP marker containing a T7 RNA polymerase promoter sequence upstream of the target sequence in a single PCR. Moreover, 100 cultivars were discriminated with the patterns of 15 SNPs. The assay can be used as a rapid method of analysis to discriminate Japanese rice cultivars.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Molecular Biology
- Organic Chemistry