A fluorosurfactant based on 3,3,3-trifluoropropene (TFP) telomer was synthesized as an environmentally friendly alternative to perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) using TFP and 2-iodoperfluoropropane ((CF3)2CF-I) as starting materials. TFP telomerization was initiated by addition of di-tert-butylperoxide in the presence of (CF3)2CF-I as a chain transfer agent. The surfactant was obtained by modification of the iodine end-group on the TFP telomer to form an allylic functionality followed by the addition of thioglycolic acid via a thiol-ene reaction. The resulting fluorosurfactant exhibited a lower critical micellar concentration (CMC = 0.87 g·L-1) than that of PFOA (CMC = 3.0 g·L-1). This surfactant was used to prepare fluoropolymer nanoparticles by solvent evaporation from a solution composed of the surfacant and poly[2-(perfluorobutyl)ethyl methacrylate]. The oil-in-water emulsion was initially formed due to the adsorption of the surfactant molecules at the oil/water interface and subsequently converted into a nanoparticle suspension after solvent evaporation. Because of the strong hydrophobic interactions between the fluorinated surfactant tail and fluoropolymer, the obtained nanoparticle suspension was quite stable against water dialysis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces and Interfaces