Forest dwellers and encroachers in Teknaf

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

This chapter begins by providing an overview of the population distribution within as well as outside of the restricted forest area in the study region. Next, it presents the findings of a case study on the socioeconomic attributes and activities of residents by ethnic groups in a village consisting of settlements within and outside of the Teknaf Wildlife Sanctuary. Although reserved forests are legally closed to private activities, with the exception of those of certain categories of people who have special rights to live in the area, about half of these forest dwellers are "illegal" encroachers. Whereas Bengalis, who legally reside within the reserved forest area, earn comparable incomes to those of people living outside of the reserved forest area, the incomes of encroachers and minority ethnic groups are significantly lower. Many of the encroachers moved relatively recently into this restricted area, and the inflow of settlers does not appear to be lessening. Because the encroachers' primary means of subsistence entails farming that requires the clearing of existing forests, the increase in their numbers appears to constitute a major threat to forest regeneration in this area.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDeforestation in the Teknaf Peninsula of Bangladesh
Subtitle of host publicationA Study of Political Ecology
PublisherSpringer Singapore
Pages101-112
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9789811054754
ISBN (Print)9789811054747
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 31 2017

Fingerprint

Population distribution
forest reserves
nationalities and ethnic groups
income
subsistence farming
forest regeneration
population distribution
ethnic group
villages
socioeconomics
Ethnic Groups
conservation areas
case studies
Minority Groups
sanctuary
Forests
subsistence
Agriculture
Regeneration
inflow

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Social Sciences(all)

Cite this

Tani, M. (2017). Forest dwellers and encroachers in Teknaf. In Deforestation in the Teknaf Peninsula of Bangladesh: A Study of Political Ecology (pp. 101-112). Springer Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-5475-4_8

Forest dwellers and encroachers in Teknaf. / Tani, Masakazu.

Deforestation in the Teknaf Peninsula of Bangladesh: A Study of Political Ecology. Springer Singapore, 2017. p. 101-112.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Tani, M 2017, Forest dwellers and encroachers in Teknaf. in Deforestation in the Teknaf Peninsula of Bangladesh: A Study of Political Ecology. Springer Singapore, pp. 101-112. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-5475-4_8
Tani M. Forest dwellers and encroachers in Teknaf. In Deforestation in the Teknaf Peninsula of Bangladesh: A Study of Political Ecology. Springer Singapore. 2017. p. 101-112 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-5475-4_8
Tani, Masakazu. / Forest dwellers and encroachers in Teknaf. Deforestation in the Teknaf Peninsula of Bangladesh: A Study of Political Ecology. Springer Singapore, 2017. pp. 101-112
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