The formation of NbOCl3 and TaOCl3 and their adsorption behavior on quartz surfaces was explored by applying an isothermal gas-chromatographic method. Trace amounts of short-lived Nb and Ta isotopes were used. Adsorption enthalpy values (ΔHads) at zero surface coverage of –ΔHads(NbOCl3) = 102 ± 4 kJ/mol and –ΔHads(TaOCl3) = 128 ± 5 kJ/mol were determined by analyzing the chromatographic behavior of the Nb and Ta complexes with a Monte-Carlo simulation method based on an adsorption–desorption kinetic model. By applying an empirical correlation, the experimental ΔHads values were successively related to the macroscopic standard sublimation enthalpy, ΔH°subl, as a measure of the volatility of each substance. The inferred sublimation enthalpies are in agreement with tabulated thermochemical values. Thus, the linear empirical correlation between ΔHads and ΔH°subl for metal-oxychlorides was updated with the inclusion of the present data. According to the predicted ΔH°subl(DbOCl3), a ΔHads(DbOCl3) value of 135 ± 2 kJ/mol was extrapolated. The future accomplishment of comparative studies with DbOCl3 under the same experimental conditions will provide valuable information on the volatility trend in Group-5 elements, together with an indication on the magnitude of relativistic effects on the electronic structure of dubnium.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry