Formation behavior of phosphoric acid-based chemical conversion films containing alkaline earth metals on magnesium alloy

Akinori Nakamura, Satoshi Oue, Hiroki Koga, Hiroaki Nakano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The phosphating of Mg alloy was performed in unagitated solutions containing 1 g·dm-3 of Mg, Ca, Sr, and Ba as alkaline earth metals (M) and 50 g·dm-3 of H3PO4 of pH 3 at 40°C for 3 min. The structure and formation behavior of the phosphate films were investigated. The X-ray diffraction patterns of phosphate films broadened irrespective of the type of alkaline earth metal, which was a characteristic of an amorphous structure. XPS analysis revealed that the valence of P in the phosphate films was pentavalent. The pH in the vicinity of the Mg alloy during the phosphating, as measured using an Sb microelectrode, was approximately 10.4, 11.4, 10.7, and 12.0 in the solutions containing Mg, Ca, Sr, and Ba, respectively. This shows that phosphoric acid dissociates to the third stage during the phosphating, and the phosphate films comprising M3(PO4)2 containing an alkaline earth metal are formed. The phosphating was successively performed in two types of solutions containing different alkaline earth metals, and the cross section was analyzed. As a result, it was determined that the new phosphate films were formed at the interface between the Mg alloy substrate and phosphate films, and the previously formed phosphate films were boosted in the films.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1007-1013
Number of pages7
JournalMaterials Transactions
Volume58
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2017

Fingerprint

Alkaline Earth Metals
Alkaline earth metals
alkaline earth metals
phosphoric acid
Phosphoric acid
magnesium alloys
Magnesium alloys
phosphates
Phosphates
Microelectrodes
Diffraction patterns
diffraction patterns
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
valence
X ray diffraction

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Formation behavior of phosphoric acid-based chemical conversion films containing alkaline earth metals on magnesium alloy. / Nakamura, Akinori; Oue, Satoshi; Koga, Hiroki; Nakano, Hiroaki.

In: Materials Transactions, Vol. 58, No. 7, 01.01.2017, p. 1007-1013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{a40dbe2974e747649c489794f92fffda,
title = "Formation behavior of phosphoric acid-based chemical conversion films containing alkaline earth metals on magnesium alloy",
abstract = "The phosphating of Mg alloy was performed in unagitated solutions containing 1 g·dm-3 of Mg, Ca, Sr, and Ba as alkaline earth metals (M) and 50 g·dm-3 of H3PO4 of pH 3 at 40°C for 3 min. The structure and formation behavior of the phosphate films were investigated. The X-ray diffraction patterns of phosphate films broadened irrespective of the type of alkaline earth metal, which was a characteristic of an amorphous structure. XPS analysis revealed that the valence of P in the phosphate films was pentavalent. The pH in the vicinity of the Mg alloy during the phosphating, as measured using an Sb microelectrode, was approximately 10.4, 11.4, 10.7, and 12.0 in the solutions containing Mg, Ca, Sr, and Ba, respectively. This shows that phosphoric acid dissociates to the third stage during the phosphating, and the phosphate films comprising M3(PO4)2 containing an alkaline earth metal are formed. The phosphating was successively performed in two types of solutions containing different alkaline earth metals, and the cross section was analyzed. As a result, it was determined that the new phosphate films were formed at the interface between the Mg alloy substrate and phosphate films, and the previously formed phosphate films were boosted in the films.",
author = "Akinori Nakamura and Satoshi Oue and Hiroki Koga and Hiroaki Nakano",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.2320/matertrans.M2016463",
language = "English",
volume = "58",
pages = "1007--1013",
journal = "Materials Transactions",
issn = "0916-1821",
publisher = "The Japan Institute of Metals and Materials",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Formation behavior of phosphoric acid-based chemical conversion films containing alkaline earth metals on magnesium alloy

AU - Nakamura, Akinori

AU - Oue, Satoshi

AU - Koga, Hiroki

AU - Nakano, Hiroaki

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - The phosphating of Mg alloy was performed in unagitated solutions containing 1 g·dm-3 of Mg, Ca, Sr, and Ba as alkaline earth metals (M) and 50 g·dm-3 of H3PO4 of pH 3 at 40°C for 3 min. The structure and formation behavior of the phosphate films were investigated. The X-ray diffraction patterns of phosphate films broadened irrespective of the type of alkaline earth metal, which was a characteristic of an amorphous structure. XPS analysis revealed that the valence of P in the phosphate films was pentavalent. The pH in the vicinity of the Mg alloy during the phosphating, as measured using an Sb microelectrode, was approximately 10.4, 11.4, 10.7, and 12.0 in the solutions containing Mg, Ca, Sr, and Ba, respectively. This shows that phosphoric acid dissociates to the third stage during the phosphating, and the phosphate films comprising M3(PO4)2 containing an alkaline earth metal are formed. The phosphating was successively performed in two types of solutions containing different alkaline earth metals, and the cross section was analyzed. As a result, it was determined that the new phosphate films were formed at the interface between the Mg alloy substrate and phosphate films, and the previously formed phosphate films were boosted in the films.

AB - The phosphating of Mg alloy was performed in unagitated solutions containing 1 g·dm-3 of Mg, Ca, Sr, and Ba as alkaline earth metals (M) and 50 g·dm-3 of H3PO4 of pH 3 at 40°C for 3 min. The structure and formation behavior of the phosphate films were investigated. The X-ray diffraction patterns of phosphate films broadened irrespective of the type of alkaline earth metal, which was a characteristic of an amorphous structure. XPS analysis revealed that the valence of P in the phosphate films was pentavalent. The pH in the vicinity of the Mg alloy during the phosphating, as measured using an Sb microelectrode, was approximately 10.4, 11.4, 10.7, and 12.0 in the solutions containing Mg, Ca, Sr, and Ba, respectively. This shows that phosphoric acid dissociates to the third stage during the phosphating, and the phosphate films comprising M3(PO4)2 containing an alkaline earth metal are formed. The phosphating was successively performed in two types of solutions containing different alkaline earth metals, and the cross section was analyzed. As a result, it was determined that the new phosphate films were formed at the interface between the Mg alloy substrate and phosphate films, and the previously formed phosphate films were boosted in the films.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85026295096&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85026295096&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2320/matertrans.M2016463

DO - 10.2320/matertrans.M2016463

M3 - Article

VL - 58

SP - 1007

EP - 1013

JO - Materials Transactions

JF - Materials Transactions

SN - 0916-1821

IS - 7

ER -