We report Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) cycle 0 observations of the C18O (J = 2-1), SO (JN = 65-54), and the 1.3 mm dust continuum toward L1527 IRS, a class 0 solar-type protostar surrounded by an infalling and rotating envelope. C18O emission shows strong redshifted absorption against the bright continuum emission associated with L1527 IRS, strongly suggesting infall motions in the C18O envelope. The C18O envelope also rotates with a velocity mostly proportional to r -1, where r is the radius, whereas the rotation profile at the innermost radius (54 AU) may be shallower than r -1, suggestive of formation of a Keplerian disk around the central protostar of 0.3 M in dynamical mass. SO emission arising from the inner part of the C18O envelope also shows rotation in the same direction as the C18O envelope. The rotation is, however, rigid-body-like, which is very different from the differential rotation shown by C18O. In order to explain the line profiles and the position-velocity (PV) diagrams of C18O and SO observed, simple models composed of an infalling envelope surrounding a Keplerian disk of 54 AU in radius orbiting a star of 0.3 M are examined. It is found that in order to reproduce characteristic features of the observed line profiles and PV diagrams, the infall velocity in the model has to be smaller than the free-fall velocity yielded by a star of 0.3 M. Possible reasons for the reduced infall velocities are discussed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science