Formation of gas discharging from Taketomi submarine hot spring off Ishigaki Island in the southern Ryukyu Islands, Japan

Tomohiro Toki, Daigo Iwata, Urumu Tsunogai, Daisuke D. Komatsu, Yuji Sano, Naoto Takahata, Hiroshi Hamasaki, Junichiro Ishibashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Taketomi submarine hot spring lies off Ishigaki Island in the southern Ryukyu Islands and vents hot spring waters at temperatures up to ~ 50 °C from the seafloor at a depth of 20 m. We investigated the chemical and isotopic composition of gases discharging from Taketomi hot spring. The gases were composed mainly of methane, with secondary nitrogen at higher than atmospheric concentration. Carbon and hydrogen isotope data suggest that the methane in the discharging gases was derived mainly from thermal decomposition of organic matter. Helium isotopes were enriched in 3He relative to the atmosphere, suggesting a supply of mantle-derived helium to the discharging gases. The mantle-derived gases transfer the deep-originated thermal energy to the hot spring and thermogenesis of organic matter. The hydrocarbons in the venting gas could be sourced from sedimentary rocks of the Yaeyama or Shimajiri Groups, or Yaeyama metamorphic rocks, and added to the ascending gases as they pass through those source rocks on their way to the surface. Because the Pleistocene rocks of the Ryukyu Group beneath the hot spring have been altered by the spring activity, the Taketomi hot spring began venting after the Pleistocene.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-35
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research
Volume330
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 15 2017

Fingerprint

Hot springs
thermal spring
Japan
Gases
gases
gas
venting
Helium
Methane
Isotopes
Biological materials
Earth mantle
methane
Rocks
springs (water)
Pleistocene
Metamorphic rocks
rocks
mantle
helium isotope

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

Formation of gas discharging from Taketomi submarine hot spring off Ishigaki Island in the southern Ryukyu Islands, Japan. / Toki, Tomohiro; Iwata, Daigo; Tsunogai, Urumu; Komatsu, Daisuke D.; Sano, Yuji; Takahata, Naoto; Hamasaki, Hiroshi; Ishibashi, Junichiro.

In: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, Vol. 330, 15.01.2017, p. 24-35.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Toki, Tomohiro ; Iwata, Daigo ; Tsunogai, Urumu ; Komatsu, Daisuke D. ; Sano, Yuji ; Takahata, Naoto ; Hamasaki, Hiroshi ; Ishibashi, Junichiro. / Formation of gas discharging from Taketomi submarine hot spring off Ishigaki Island in the southern Ryukyu Islands, Japan. In: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 2017 ; Vol. 330. pp. 24-35.
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