Formation of M23C6-type precipitates and chromium-depleted zones in austenite stainless steel

Kenji Kaneko, Tatsuya Fukunaga, Kazuhiro Yamada, Nobuo Nakada, Masao Kikuchi, Zineb Saghi, Jon S. Barnard, Paul A. Midgley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

121 Citations (Scopus)


Formation of M23C6 carbides and chromium-depleted zones in commercially available type 304L stainless steel were investigated by in situ transmission electron microscopy and analytical transmission electron microscopy. It was found that each individual small M23C6 carbide starts to grow with a clear orientation relationship with the matrix, and film-like carbide was subsequently observed at the interfaces with asymmetric Cr-depleted zones. From these experimental results, a model describing the precipitation of M23C6 and the formation of the Cr-depleted zone was proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)509-512
Number of pages4
JournalScripta Materialia
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys

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