Objectives: The objective of this study was to formulate a nanoparticle (NP)-eluting drug delivery stent system by a cationic electrodeposition coating technology. Background: Nanoparticle-mediated drug delivery systems (DDS) are poised to transform the development of innovative therapeutic devices. Therefore, we hypothesized that a bioabsorbable polymeric NP-eluting stent provides an efficient DDS that shows better and more prolonged delivery compared with dip-coating stent. Methods: We prepared cationic NP encapsulated with a fluorescence marker (FITC) by emulsion solvent diffusion method, succeeded to formulate an NP-eluting stent with a novel cation electrodeposition coating technology, and compared the in vitro and in vivo characteristics of the FITC-loaded NP-eluting stent with dip-coated FITC-eluting stent and bare metal stent. Results: The NP was taken up stably and efficiently by cultured vascular smooth muscle cells in vitro. In a porcine coronary artery model in vivo, substantial FITC fluorescence was observed in neointimal and medial layers of the stented segments that had received the FITC-NP-eluting stent until 4 weeks. In contrast, no substantial FITC fluorescence was observed in the segments from the polymer-based FITC-eluting stent or from bare metal stent. The magnitudes of stent-induced injury, inflammation, endothelial recovery, and neointima formation were comparable between bare metal stent and NP-eluting stent groups. Conclusions: Therefore, this NP-eluting stent is an efficient NP-mediated DDS that holds as an innovative platform for the delivery of less invasive nano-devices targeting cardiovascular disease.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine