Molecular phylogenetic analyses of Padina species collected from the western Pacific Ocean using rbcL and mitochondrial cox3 genes revealed the occurrence of four genetically distinctive clades of unknown Padina species: clade A (=Padina okinawaensis sp. nov.) from Ryukyu Islands (Japan), Hawaii, Indonesia and Thailand, clade B (=Padina undulata sp. nov.), clade C (=Padina terricolor sp. nov.) and clade D (=Padina fasciata sp. nov.) from Ryukyu Islands (Japan). Morphologically, these new taxa are all bistratose species, and different from any known species in the following morphological features: P. okinawaensis sp. nov., reniform or circular thallus of entire margin with inconspicuous hair lines on the superior surface of the thallus, and reproductive organs (oogonia and tetrasporangia) in small groups or discontinuous sori under thin flakes of calcium on the inferior surface; P. undulata sp. nov., circular or semicircular thallus with undulate margin, conspicuous hair lines on both surfaces of the thallus, oogonial and tetrasporangial sori in continuous or discontinuous lines covered with a persistent indusium, and cylindrical oogonia; P. terricolor sp. nov., grayish brown on the inferior surface of the thallus, and oogonial and tetrasporangial sori in continuous lines covered with a persistent indusium; P. fasciata sp. nov., broad white stripes on both surfaces of the thallus due to unique calcification, and oogonial and tetrasporangial sori in continuous lines, which are entirely embedded in a gelatinous layer, on the inferior surface of the thallus. In addition, the independence of Padina japonica from Padina sanctae-crucis is suggested on the basis of molecular and morphological evidence.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Aquatic Science
- Plant Science