Fourier transform infrared study on hydrogen bonding species of carboxylic acids in supercritical carbon dioxide with ethanol

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Abstract

Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy has been used to determine the equilibrium constants of the dimerization for carboxylic acid (acetic acid or palmitic acid) and the amount of hydrogen bonding species between carboxylic acid and ethanol in supercritical CO2. Experiments were carried out at 308.2-313.2 K and 10.0-20.0 MPa. The noticeable band was the C=O stretching band for carboxylic acid. In the binary system (supercritical CO2 + carboxylic acid), the equilibrium constants of the dimerization between the carboxylic acid monomer and dimer decrease with increasing pressure and temperature. The equilibrium constants of palmitic acid are larger than those of acetic acid. In a ternary system (supercritical CO2 + carboxylic acid + ethanol), the amount of hydrogen bonding species between carboxylic acid and ethanol in supercritical COa increases with the increasing mole fraction of added ethanol. Furthermore, the authors confirm that the solubility enhancement by ethanol used as an entrainer in supercritical CO2 relates to the amount of hydrogen bonding species between carboxylic acid and ethanol.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3525-3529
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Volume103
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 1999

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Carboxylic Acids
Carbon Dioxide
carboxylic acids
carbon dioxide
Fourier transforms
Hydrogen bonds
ethyl alcohol
Ethanol
Infrared radiation
hydrogen
Equilibrium constants
palmitic acid
Dimerization
Palmitic Acid
dimerization
acetic acid
Acetic Acid
Ternary systems
ternary systems
Dimers

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy has been used to determine the equilibrium constants of the dimerization for carboxylic acid (acetic acid or palmitic acid) and the amount of hydrogen bonding species between carboxylic acid and ethanol in supercritical CO2. Experiments were carried out at 308.2-313.2 K and 10.0-20.0 MPa. The noticeable band was the C=O stretching band for carboxylic acid. In the binary system (supercritical CO2 + carboxylic acid), the equilibrium constants of the dimerization between the carboxylic acid monomer and dimer decrease with increasing pressure and temperature. The equilibrium constants of palmitic acid are larger than those of acetic acid. In a ternary system (supercritical CO2 + carboxylic acid + ethanol), the amount of hydrogen bonding species between carboxylic acid and ethanol in supercritical COa increases with the increasing mole fraction of added ethanol. Furthermore, the authors confirm that the solubility enhancement by ethanol used as an entrainer in supercritical CO2 relates to the amount of hydrogen bonding species between carboxylic acid and ethanol.",
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T1 - Fourier transform infrared study on hydrogen bonding species of carboxylic acids in supercritical carbon dioxide with ethanol

AU - Iwai, Yoshio

PY - 1999/12/1

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N2 - Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy has been used to determine the equilibrium constants of the dimerization for carboxylic acid (acetic acid or palmitic acid) and the amount of hydrogen bonding species between carboxylic acid and ethanol in supercritical CO2. Experiments were carried out at 308.2-313.2 K and 10.0-20.0 MPa. The noticeable band was the C=O stretching band for carboxylic acid. In the binary system (supercritical CO2 + carboxylic acid), the equilibrium constants of the dimerization between the carboxylic acid monomer and dimer decrease with increasing pressure and temperature. The equilibrium constants of palmitic acid are larger than those of acetic acid. In a ternary system (supercritical CO2 + carboxylic acid + ethanol), the amount of hydrogen bonding species between carboxylic acid and ethanol in supercritical COa increases with the increasing mole fraction of added ethanol. Furthermore, the authors confirm that the solubility enhancement by ethanol used as an entrainer in supercritical CO2 relates to the amount of hydrogen bonding species between carboxylic acid and ethanol.

AB - Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy has been used to determine the equilibrium constants of the dimerization for carboxylic acid (acetic acid or palmitic acid) and the amount of hydrogen bonding species between carboxylic acid and ethanol in supercritical CO2. Experiments were carried out at 308.2-313.2 K and 10.0-20.0 MPa. The noticeable band was the C=O stretching band for carboxylic acid. In the binary system (supercritical CO2 + carboxylic acid), the equilibrium constants of the dimerization between the carboxylic acid monomer and dimer decrease with increasing pressure and temperature. The equilibrium constants of palmitic acid are larger than those of acetic acid. In a ternary system (supercritical CO2 + carboxylic acid + ethanol), the amount of hydrogen bonding species between carboxylic acid and ethanol in supercritical COa increases with the increasing mole fraction of added ethanol. Furthermore, the authors confirm that the solubility enhancement by ethanol used as an entrainer in supercritical CO2 relates to the amount of hydrogen bonding species between carboxylic acid and ethanol.

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