FOXO3a potentiates hTERT gene expression by activating c-MYC and extends the replicative life-span of human fibroblast

Shuntaro Yamashita, Kaori Ogawa, Takahiro Ikei, Tsukasa Fujiki, Yoshinori Katakura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In our previous studies, we reported that SIRT1 prevents cellular senescence in human fibroblast, and that SIRT1-induced inhibition of cellular senescence is due to enhanced hTERT gene expression. In this study, we investigate the molecular mechanisms behind SIRT1-induced potentiation of hTERT transcription and show that FOXO3a functions downstream of SIRT1 and prevents the induction of cellular senescence by enhancing hTERT gene expression. Furthermore, we found that FOXO3a-induced potentiation of hTERT gene expression is regulated in a c-MYC/E-box dependent manner. In addition, we found that FOXO3a binds to the novel binding element in the c-MYC promoter, and this interaction activates the transcription of the c-MYC gene. The resulting increase in c-MYC leads to higher levels of c-MYC recruited to the hTERT promoter and, in turn, activates hTERT gene expression. Taken together, this pathway might constitute the molecular basis for the anti-senescence effects of SIRT1 and FOXO3a.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere101864
JournalPloS one
Volume9
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 7 2014

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Fibroblasts
Gene expression
fibroblasts
Cell Aging
Gene Expression
gene expression
Transcription
transcription (genetics)
promoter regions
Genes
cell senescence
genes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

FOXO3a potentiates hTERT gene expression by activating c-MYC and extends the replicative life-span of human fibroblast. / Yamashita, Shuntaro; Ogawa, Kaori; Ikei, Takahiro; Fujiki, Tsukasa; Katakura, Yoshinori.

In: PloS one, Vol. 9, No. 7, e101864, 07.07.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yamashita, Shuntaro ; Ogawa, Kaori ; Ikei, Takahiro ; Fujiki, Tsukasa ; Katakura, Yoshinori. / FOXO3a potentiates hTERT gene expression by activating c-MYC and extends the replicative life-span of human fibroblast. In: PloS one. 2014 ; Vol. 9, No. 7.
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