We have performed ellipsometry and surface tensiometry at tetradecyltrimethylammonium bromide (TTAB) aqueous solution surface coexisting with tetradecane lens as a function of the molality of TTAB and the temperature under atmospheric pressure. From the theoretical analysis of the coefficient of ellipticity, it was clarified that the liquid monolayer comprising the surfactant and alkane is formed at higher surfactant concentrations by the wetting transition of tetradecane lens on the aqueous solution, and the solid monolayer is formed by lowering temperature (freezing transition). The results of the surface tension measurement support the occurrence of wetting transition and the freezing transition. A phase diagram of the wetting film was constructed by ellipsometry and surface tensiometry, of which the mixed solid monolayer had never been reported before. From the thermodynamic analysis of the phase diagram, it is also demonstrated that the TTAB surface density decreases accompanied with the freezing transition, which agrees with surface densities of TTAB calculated from surface tension vs. concentration curves.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry