Friction and wear characteristics of artificial cartilage (influence of synovia constituents on lubrication)

Yoshinori Sawae, Teruo Murakari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Friction and wear characteristics of artificial cartilage materials sliding on a smooth metal counterface have been studied in a pin-on-disk apparatus. In this study, polyurethane and polyvinylalcohol (PVA) hydrogel were used as artificial cartilage materials. Synovia constituents, such as hyaluronic acid (HA) and serum proteins (albumin and γ-globulin) were added to saline and their effects on the tribological behavior were examined. As a result, HA and serum proteins exerted a great influence on the friction and wear of artificial cartilage materials. Friction and wear were reduced by HA solution, but were enhanced when serum proteins were added to the HA solution. AFM images showed that a layer of synovia constituents was adsorbed on the counterface, which changed the behavior of material transfer and the wear mechanism of artificial cartilages.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2343-2350
Number of pages8
JournalNippon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, C Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part C
Volume62
Issue number598
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1996
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Hyaluronic acid
Cartilage
Lubrication
Wear of materials
Friction
Proteins
Hydrogels
Polyurethanes
Metals

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

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