Advanced fuel economy strategies are expected to reduce the fuel consumption of vehicles. An internal combustion engine (ICE) driving vehicle equipped with free-wheeling turns off the fuel injection and decouples the engine from the drivetrain when the driving force is not required. This paper proposes a method to reduce the fuel consumption of a vehicle equipped with free-wheeling. First, an optimization problem is formulated to minimize the fuel consumption of a vehicle with free-wheeling when the traveling distance, the initial and final speed are specified and the vehicle needs to glide before arriving at the end point for fuel economy. The speed profile of the vehicle, engine operating point, and engine on/off timing are obtained as the results of the optimization. The analytical and numerical analyses results demonstrate the effectiveness and the fuel-saving mechanism of the obtained speed profile. The main finding of the analyses is that rather than starting a gliding stage immediately after an acceleration or a constant speed stage, adding a pre-acceleration stage before the gliding stage is more fuel-economic under some conditions independent of the complexity of the vehicle model. The obtained speed profile including a pre-acceleration stage is applied to a driving scenario including traffic congestions. The results demonstrate the effectiveness of the pre-acceleration stage in reducing fuel consumption for a vehicle equipped with free-wheeling.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Aerospace Engineering
- Control and Optimization