Fuel impurity poisoning of Ru/γ-Al2O3 catalyst packed in the reformer for biogas-fueled SOFC system

H. Setiawan, T. G. Yu, T. G.H. Nguyen, M. Sakamoto, T. Uchida, Y. Shiratori

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In operating biogas-fueled SOFC module, impurities such as H2S and siloxane can poison reforming catalyst and anode. To achieve a stable SOFC operation, fuel impurity poisoning of Ru/γ-Al2O3 catalyst has to be examined. Poisoning test for the reformer and the reformer-SOFC series were performed at 700oC. Humidified simulated biogas with varied concentration of H2S or siloxane was supplied to Ru/γ-Al2O3 beads-packed reformer. H2S poisoning test during biogas steam reforming showed a correlation between the degradation rate of CH4 conversion and the decrease rate of Ru surface area which increased with increasing H2S concentration. In the case of siloxane poisoning test, accumulated-silica covered the catalyst surface, resulting in the degradation of CH4 conversion although milder than the case of H2S. The poisoning tests for the reformer-SOFC series revealed that the degradation rate of cell voltage was considerably lower than that of CH4 conversion in the reformer for both impurities.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSolid Oxide Fuel Cells 16, SOFC 2019
EditorsK. Eguchi, S. C. Singhal
PublisherElectrochemical Society Inc.
Pages1651-1659
Number of pages9
Edition1
ISBN (Electronic)9781607688747
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019
Event16th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, SOFC 2019 - Kyoto, Japan
Duration: Sep 8 2019Sep 13 2019

Publication series

NameECS Transactions
Number1
Volume91
ISSN (Print)1938-6737
ISSN (Electronic)1938-5862

Conference

Conference16th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, SOFC 2019
CountryJapan
CityKyoto
Period9/8/199/13/19

Fingerprint

Catalyst poisoning
Biogas
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
Impurities
Catalysts
Degradation
Steam reforming
Reforming reactions
Anodes
Silica
Electric potential

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Setiawan, H., Yu, T. G., Nguyen, T. G. H., Sakamoto, M., Uchida, T., & Shiratori, Y. (2019). Fuel impurity poisoning of Ru/γ-Al2O3 catalyst packed in the reformer for biogas-fueled SOFC system. In K. Eguchi, & S. C. Singhal (Eds.), Solid Oxide Fuel Cells 16, SOFC 2019 (1 ed., pp. 1651-1659). (ECS Transactions; Vol. 91, No. 1). Electrochemical Society Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1149/09101.1651ecst

Fuel impurity poisoning of Ru/γ-Al2O3 catalyst packed in the reformer for biogas-fueled SOFC system. / Setiawan, H.; Yu, T. G.; Nguyen, T. G.H.; Sakamoto, M.; Uchida, T.; Shiratori, Y.

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells 16, SOFC 2019. ed. / K. Eguchi; S. C. Singhal. 1. ed. Electrochemical Society Inc., 2019. p. 1651-1659 (ECS Transactions; Vol. 91, No. 1).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Setiawan, H, Yu, TG, Nguyen, TGH, Sakamoto, M, Uchida, T & Shiratori, Y 2019, Fuel impurity poisoning of Ru/γ-Al2O3 catalyst packed in the reformer for biogas-fueled SOFC system. in K Eguchi & SC Singhal (eds), Solid Oxide Fuel Cells 16, SOFC 2019. 1 edn, ECS Transactions, no. 1, vol. 91, Electrochemical Society Inc., pp. 1651-1659, 16th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, SOFC 2019, Kyoto, Japan, 9/8/19. https://doi.org/10.1149/09101.1651ecst
Setiawan H, Yu TG, Nguyen TGH, Sakamoto M, Uchida T, Shiratori Y. Fuel impurity poisoning of Ru/γ-Al2O3 catalyst packed in the reformer for biogas-fueled SOFC system. In Eguchi K, Singhal SC, editors, Solid Oxide Fuel Cells 16, SOFC 2019. 1 ed. Electrochemical Society Inc. 2019. p. 1651-1659. (ECS Transactions; 1). https://doi.org/10.1149/09101.1651ecst
Setiawan, H. ; Yu, T. G. ; Nguyen, T. G.H. ; Sakamoto, M. ; Uchida, T. ; Shiratori, Y. / Fuel impurity poisoning of Ru/γ-Al2O3 catalyst packed in the reformer for biogas-fueled SOFC system. Solid Oxide Fuel Cells 16, SOFC 2019. editor / K. Eguchi ; S. C. Singhal. 1. ed. Electrochemical Society Inc., 2019. pp. 1651-1659 (ECS Transactions; 1).
@inproceedings{3e857ee5960d44d68561a2654ea1240c,
title = "Fuel impurity poisoning of Ru/γ-Al2O3 catalyst packed in the reformer for biogas-fueled SOFC system",
abstract = "In operating biogas-fueled SOFC module, impurities such as H2S and siloxane can poison reforming catalyst and anode. To achieve a stable SOFC operation, fuel impurity poisoning of Ru/γ-Al2O3 catalyst has to be examined. Poisoning test for the reformer and the reformer-SOFC series were performed at 700oC. Humidified simulated biogas with varied concentration of H2S or siloxane was supplied to Ru/γ-Al2O3 beads-packed reformer. H2S poisoning test during biogas steam reforming showed a correlation between the degradation rate of CH4 conversion and the decrease rate of Ru surface area which increased with increasing H2S concentration. In the case of siloxane poisoning test, accumulated-silica covered the catalyst surface, resulting in the degradation of CH4 conversion although milder than the case of H2S. The poisoning tests for the reformer-SOFC series revealed that the degradation rate of cell voltage was considerably lower than that of CH4 conversion in the reformer for both impurities.",
author = "H. Setiawan and Yu, {T. G.} and Nguyen, {T. G.H.} and M. Sakamoto and T. Uchida and Y. Shiratori",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1149/09101.1651ecst",
language = "English",
series = "ECS Transactions",
publisher = "Electrochemical Society Inc.",
number = "1",
pages = "1651--1659",
editor = "K. Eguchi and Singhal, {S. C.}",
booktitle = "Solid Oxide Fuel Cells 16, SOFC 2019",
edition = "1",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Fuel impurity poisoning of Ru/γ-Al2O3 catalyst packed in the reformer for biogas-fueled SOFC system

AU - Setiawan, H.

AU - Yu, T. G.

AU - Nguyen, T. G.H.

AU - Sakamoto, M.

AU - Uchida, T.

AU - Shiratori, Y.

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - In operating biogas-fueled SOFC module, impurities such as H2S and siloxane can poison reforming catalyst and anode. To achieve a stable SOFC operation, fuel impurity poisoning of Ru/γ-Al2O3 catalyst has to be examined. Poisoning test for the reformer and the reformer-SOFC series were performed at 700oC. Humidified simulated biogas with varied concentration of H2S or siloxane was supplied to Ru/γ-Al2O3 beads-packed reformer. H2S poisoning test during biogas steam reforming showed a correlation between the degradation rate of CH4 conversion and the decrease rate of Ru surface area which increased with increasing H2S concentration. In the case of siloxane poisoning test, accumulated-silica covered the catalyst surface, resulting in the degradation of CH4 conversion although milder than the case of H2S. The poisoning tests for the reformer-SOFC series revealed that the degradation rate of cell voltage was considerably lower than that of CH4 conversion in the reformer for both impurities.

AB - In operating biogas-fueled SOFC module, impurities such as H2S and siloxane can poison reforming catalyst and anode. To achieve a stable SOFC operation, fuel impurity poisoning of Ru/γ-Al2O3 catalyst has to be examined. Poisoning test for the reformer and the reformer-SOFC series were performed at 700oC. Humidified simulated biogas with varied concentration of H2S or siloxane was supplied to Ru/γ-Al2O3 beads-packed reformer. H2S poisoning test during biogas steam reforming showed a correlation between the degradation rate of CH4 conversion and the decrease rate of Ru surface area which increased with increasing H2S concentration. In the case of siloxane poisoning test, accumulated-silica covered the catalyst surface, resulting in the degradation of CH4 conversion although milder than the case of H2S. The poisoning tests for the reformer-SOFC series revealed that the degradation rate of cell voltage was considerably lower than that of CH4 conversion in the reformer for both impurities.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85073190783&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85073190783&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1149/09101.1651ecst

DO - 10.1149/09101.1651ecst

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:85073190783

T3 - ECS Transactions

SP - 1651

EP - 1659

BT - Solid Oxide Fuel Cells 16, SOFC 2019

A2 - Eguchi, K.

A2 - Singhal, S. C.

PB - Electrochemical Society Inc.

ER -