Fuel impurity poisoning of Ru/γ-Al2O3 catalyst packed in the reformer for biogas-fueled SOFC system

H. Setiawan, T. G. Yu, T. G.H. Nguyen, M. Sakamoto, T. Uchida, Y. Shiratori

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)


In operating biogas-fueled SOFC module, impurities such as H2S and siloxane can poison reforming catalyst and anode. To achieve a stable SOFC operation, fuel impurity poisoning of Ru/γ-Al2O3 catalyst has to be examined. Poisoning test for the reformer and the reformer-SOFC series were performed at 700oC. Humidified simulated biogas with varied concentration of H2S or siloxane was supplied to Ru/γ-Al2O3 beads-packed reformer. H2S poisoning test during biogas steam reforming showed a correlation between the degradation rate of CH4 conversion and the decrease rate of Ru surface area which increased with increasing H2S concentration. In the case of siloxane poisoning test, accumulated-silica covered the catalyst surface, resulting in the degradation of CH4 conversion although milder than the case of H2S. The poisoning tests for the reformer-SOFC series revealed that the degradation rate of cell voltage was considerably lower than that of CH4 conversion in the reformer for both impurities.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSolid Oxide Fuel Cells 16, SOFC 2019
EditorsK. Eguchi, S. C. Singhal
PublisherElectrochemical Society Inc.
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9781607688747
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event16th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, SOFC 2019 - Kyoto, Japan
Duration: Sep 8 2019Sep 13 2019

Publication series

NameECS Transactions
ISSN (Print)1938-6737
ISSN (Electronic)1938-5862


Conference16th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, SOFC 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)


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