Full-Color Delayed Fluorescence Materials Based on Wedge-Shaped Phthalonitriles and Dicyanopyrazines

Systematic Design, Tunable Photophysical Properties, and OLED Performance

In Seob Park, Sae Youn Lee, Chihaya Adachi, Takuma Yasuda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

135 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purely organic light-emitting materials, which can harvest both singlet and triplet excited states to offer high electron-to-photon conversion efficiencies, are essential for the realization of high-performance organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) without using precious metal elements. Donor-acceptor architectures with an intramolecular charge-transfer excited state have been proved to be a promising system for achieving these requirements through a mechanism of thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF). Here, luminescent wedge-shaped molecules, which comprise a central phthalonitrile or 2,3-dicyanopyrazine acceptor core coupled with various donor units, are reported as TADF emitters. This set of materials allows systematic fine-tuning of the band gap and exhibits TADF emissions that cover the entire visible range from blue to red. Full-color TADF-OLEDs with high maximum external electroluminescence quantum efficiencies of up to 18.9% have been demonstrated by using these phthalonitrile and 2,3-dicyanopyrazine-based TADF emitters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1813-1821
Number of pages9
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume26
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 15 2016

Fingerprint

Organic light emitting diodes (OLED)
wedges
light emitting diodes
Fluorescence
Color
color
fluorescence
Excited states
emitters
Electroluminescence
Precious metals
noble metals
Quantum efficiency
electroluminescence
Conversion efficiency
excitation
Charge transfer
quantum efficiency
Energy gap
Photons

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrochemistry

Cite this

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title = "Full-Color Delayed Fluorescence Materials Based on Wedge-Shaped Phthalonitriles and Dicyanopyrazines: Systematic Design, Tunable Photophysical Properties, and OLED Performance",
abstract = "Purely organic light-emitting materials, which can harvest both singlet and triplet excited states to offer high electron-to-photon conversion efficiencies, are essential for the realization of high-performance organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) without using precious metal elements. Donor-acceptor architectures with an intramolecular charge-transfer excited state have been proved to be a promising system for achieving these requirements through a mechanism of thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF). Here, luminescent wedge-shaped molecules, which comprise a central phthalonitrile or 2,3-dicyanopyrazine acceptor core coupled with various donor units, are reported as TADF emitters. This set of materials allows systematic fine-tuning of the band gap and exhibits TADF emissions that cover the entire visible range from blue to red. Full-color TADF-OLEDs with high maximum external electroluminescence quantum efficiencies of up to 18.9{\%} have been demonstrated by using these phthalonitrile and 2,3-dicyanopyrazine-based TADF emitters.",
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AU - Lee, Sae Youn

AU - Adachi, Chihaya

AU - Yasuda, Takuma

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AB - Purely organic light-emitting materials, which can harvest both singlet and triplet excited states to offer high electron-to-photon conversion efficiencies, are essential for the realization of high-performance organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) without using precious metal elements. Donor-acceptor architectures with an intramolecular charge-transfer excited state have been proved to be a promising system for achieving these requirements through a mechanism of thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF). Here, luminescent wedge-shaped molecules, which comprise a central phthalonitrile or 2,3-dicyanopyrazine acceptor core coupled with various donor units, are reported as TADF emitters. This set of materials allows systematic fine-tuning of the band gap and exhibits TADF emissions that cover the entire visible range from blue to red. Full-color TADF-OLEDs with high maximum external electroluminescence quantum efficiencies of up to 18.9% have been demonstrated by using these phthalonitrile and 2,3-dicyanopyrazine-based TADF emitters.

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