During postnatal life, the bone marrow (BM) supports both self-renewal and differentiation of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in specialized niches, such as osteoblastic niche and vascular niche. A cell adhesion molecule, N-cadherin expressed in the HSCs and osteoblasts, suggesting that homophylic binding of N-cadherin induce the adhesion of HSCs to the niche cells. Here we demonstrate that an anti-cancer drug, 5-fuluorouracil induces reactive oxygen species (ROS) in HSCs, which suppressed N-cadherin expression. These events result in the shift of side population (SP) cells to non-SP cells, indicating that quiescent HSCs are detached from the niche. Administration of a potent anti-oxidant, N-acetyl cystein (NAC) suppressed the shift from SP cells. These data suggest that ROS suppressed the N-cadherin-mediated cell adhesion, and induce the exit of HSCs from the niche.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 23 2007|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology