Myxococcus xanthus has two bacterial protein-tyrosine (BY) kinases, BtkA and BtkB. Autophosphorylation in C-terminal tyrosine-rich clusters and poly(Glu, Tyr) kinase activities of cytoplasmic catalytic domains of BtkA and BtkB were activated by the intracellular juxtamembrane regions of the second transmembrane helices. Protein kinase activity against poly(Glu, Tyr) of cytoplasmic fragment of BtkB (CF-BtkB) containing an activator region was not inhibited by serine/threonine protein kinase inhibitors. However, addition of tyrosine protein kinase inhibitors, genistein and 4-amino-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-7-(t-butyl)pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine (PP2), at a concentration of 0.2 mM, inhibited the CF-BtkB kinase activity by 20 and 64%, respectively. A CF-BtkB mutant constructed by replacing all C-terminal tyrosine residues with phenylalanines, did not undergo autophosphorylation. Further, this mutation did not significantly affect poly(Glu, Tyr) kinase activity, suggesting that M. xanthus BtkB kinase activity is not dependent on autophosphorylation in the C-terminal tyrosine cluster. A conserved motif (ExxRxxR) of BY kinases is involved in the self-association of catalytic domains of BY kinases, necessary to accomplish trans-phosphorylation. An ExxRxxR motif mutant of CF-BtkB led to loss of autophosphorylation and poly(Glu, Tyr) kinase activities. These observations provide insights into the regulation mechanism of M. xanthus BY kinase activity.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology