Spermatozoa from two Japanese Black bulls (Bull-ATF and Bull-KTG) were separated by centrifugation at 700 × g for 15 min in modified TALP with or without 45-90% Percoll. Control washed spermatozoa and those collected from the bottom of 45 and 90% Percoll fractions were examined for viability and membrane integrity (using Hoechst bis-benzimide 33258 or propidium iodide and 6-carboxyfluorescein diacetate (PI-CFDA)), acrosomal status (using fluorescence isothiocyanate (FITC) conjugated Pisum Sativum agglutinin (PSA) and Peanut agglutinin (PNA), Naphthol Yellow S and Erythrosin B (NE) or triple staining (TS)), capacitation status (using chlortetracycline (CTC)), motility characteristics (using a computer-assisted sperm motion analysis system (CASA)) and for in vitro fertility. Percoll-separated spermatozoa showed greater viability and membrane integrity than controls, as determined by supravital staining. Differences were observed in the results regarding viability and acrosomal status of spermatozoa among sperm staining methods. Bull-ATF, which showed significantly greater in vitro fertility than Bull-KTG (P < 0.05), showed a significantly higher rate of CTC-B-pattern (capacitated) spermatozoa (P < 0.01) than Bull-KTG. The motility characteristics of control washed spermatozoa and those separated by 45-90% Percoll were analyzed by CASA. More motile and progressively motile spermatozoa were observed in the fraction at the bottom of the 90% Percoll solution than in the 45% Percoll fraction or in controls (P < 0.01). Moreover, the spermatozoa of Bull-KTG, which showed lower in vitro fertility than Bull-ATF, did not show significant differences in motility from those of Bull-ATF. These results provided basic information about Japanese Black bull spermatozoa, and suggested that spermatozoa with greater motility and viability can be obtained by Percoll separation than without separation. However, Percoll separation did not enhance their in vitro fertility.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Food Animals
- Animal Science and Zoology