Functional loss of DHRS7C induces intracellular ca2+ overload and myotube enlargement in C2C12 cells via calpain activation

Shinobu Arai, Masataka Ikeda, Tomomi Ide, Yuka Matsuo, Takeo Fujino, Katsuya Hirano, Kenji Sunagawa, Hiroyuki Tsutsui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dehydrogenase/reductase member 7C (DHRS7C) is a newly identified NAD/NADHdependent dehydrogenase that is expressed in cardiac and skeletal muscle and localized in the endoplasmic/sarcoplasmic reticulum (ER/ SR). However, its functional role in muscle cells remains to be fully elucidated. Here, we investigated the role of DHRS7C by analyzing mouse C2C12 myoblasts deficient in DHRS7C (DHRS7C-KO cells), overexpressing wild-type DHRS7C (DHRS7C-WT cells), or expressing mutant DHRS7C [DHRS7C-Y191F or DHRS7C-K195Q cells, harboring point mutations in the NAD/NADH-dependent dehydrogenase catalytic core domain (YXXXK)]. DHRS7C expression was induced as C2C12 myoblasts differentiated into mature myotubes, whereas DHRS7C-KO myotubes exhibited enlarged cellular morphology after differentiation. Notably, both DHRS7C-Y191F and DHRS7C-K195Q cells also showed similar enlarged cellular morphology, suggesting that the NAD/NADH-dependent dehydrogenase catalytic core domain is pivotal for DHRS7C function. In DHRS7CKO, DHRS7C-Y191F, and DHRS7C-K195Q cells, the resting level of cytosolic Ca2+ and total amount of Ca2+ storage in the ER/SR were significantly higher than those in control C2C12 and DHRS7C-WT cells after differentiation. Additionally, Ca2+ release from the ER/SR induced by thapsigargin and 4-chloro-m-cresol was augmented in these cells and calpain, a calcium-dependent protease, was significantly activated in DHRS7C-KO, DHRS7C-Y191F, and DHRS7C-K195Q myotubes, consistent with the higher resting level of cytosolic Ca2+ concentration and enlarged morphology after differentiation. Furthermore, treatment with a calpain inhibitor abolished the enlarged cellular morphology. Taken together, our findings suggested that DHRS7C maintains intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis involving the ER/SR and that functional loss of DHRS7C leads to Ca2+ overload in the cytosol and ER/SR, resulting in enlarged cellular morphology via calpain activation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)C29-C39
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Volume312
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2017

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Calpain
Skeletal Muscle Fibers
Oxidoreductases
Catalytic Domain
NAD

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Functional loss of DHRS7C induces intracellular ca2+ overload and myotube enlargement in C2C12 cells via calpain activation. / Arai, Shinobu; Ikeda, Masataka; Ide, Tomomi; Matsuo, Yuka; Fujino, Takeo; Hirano, Katsuya; Sunagawa, Kenji; Tsutsui, Hiroyuki.

In: American Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology, Vol. 312, No. 1, 01.01.2017, p. C29-C39.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Arai, Shinobu ; Ikeda, Masataka ; Ide, Tomomi ; Matsuo, Yuka ; Fujino, Takeo ; Hirano, Katsuya ; Sunagawa, Kenji ; Tsutsui, Hiroyuki. / Functional loss of DHRS7C induces intracellular ca2+ overload and myotube enlargement in C2C12 cells via calpain activation. In: American Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology. 2017 ; Vol. 312, No. 1. pp. C29-C39.
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abstract = "Dehydrogenase/reductase member 7C (DHRS7C) is a newly identified NAD/NADHdependent dehydrogenase that is expressed in cardiac and skeletal muscle and localized in the endoplasmic/sarcoplasmic reticulum (ER/ SR). However, its functional role in muscle cells remains to be fully elucidated. Here, we investigated the role of DHRS7C by analyzing mouse C2C12 myoblasts deficient in DHRS7C (DHRS7C-KO cells), overexpressing wild-type DHRS7C (DHRS7C-WT cells), or expressing mutant DHRS7C [DHRS7C-Y191F or DHRS7C-K195Q cells, harboring point mutations in the NAD/NADH-dependent dehydrogenase catalytic core domain (YXXXK)]. DHRS7C expression was induced as C2C12 myoblasts differentiated into mature myotubes, whereas DHRS7C-KO myotubes exhibited enlarged cellular morphology after differentiation. Notably, both DHRS7C-Y191F and DHRS7C-K195Q cells also showed similar enlarged cellular morphology, suggesting that the NAD/NADH-dependent dehydrogenase catalytic core domain is pivotal for DHRS7C function. In DHRS7CKO, DHRS7C-Y191F, and DHRS7C-K195Q cells, the resting level of cytosolic Ca2+ and total amount of Ca2+ storage in the ER/SR were significantly higher than those in control C2C12 and DHRS7C-WT cells after differentiation. Additionally, Ca2+ release from the ER/SR induced by thapsigargin and 4-chloro-m-cresol was augmented in these cells and calpain, a calcium-dependent protease, was significantly activated in DHRS7C-KO, DHRS7C-Y191F, and DHRS7C-K195Q myotubes, consistent with the higher resting level of cytosolic Ca2+ concentration and enlarged morphology after differentiation. Furthermore, treatment with a calpain inhibitor abolished the enlarged cellular morphology. Taken together, our findings suggested that DHRS7C maintains intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis involving the ER/SR and that functional loss of DHRS7C leads to Ca2+ overload in the cytosol and ER/SR, resulting in enlarged cellular morphology via calpain activation.",
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AU - Arai, Shinobu

AU - Ikeda, Masataka

AU - Ide, Tomomi

AU - Matsuo, Yuka

AU - Fujino, Takeo

AU - Hirano, Katsuya

AU - Sunagawa, Kenji

AU - Tsutsui, Hiroyuki

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N2 - Dehydrogenase/reductase member 7C (DHRS7C) is a newly identified NAD/NADHdependent dehydrogenase that is expressed in cardiac and skeletal muscle and localized in the endoplasmic/sarcoplasmic reticulum (ER/ SR). However, its functional role in muscle cells remains to be fully elucidated. Here, we investigated the role of DHRS7C by analyzing mouse C2C12 myoblasts deficient in DHRS7C (DHRS7C-KO cells), overexpressing wild-type DHRS7C (DHRS7C-WT cells), or expressing mutant DHRS7C [DHRS7C-Y191F or DHRS7C-K195Q cells, harboring point mutations in the NAD/NADH-dependent dehydrogenase catalytic core domain (YXXXK)]. DHRS7C expression was induced as C2C12 myoblasts differentiated into mature myotubes, whereas DHRS7C-KO myotubes exhibited enlarged cellular morphology after differentiation. Notably, both DHRS7C-Y191F and DHRS7C-K195Q cells also showed similar enlarged cellular morphology, suggesting that the NAD/NADH-dependent dehydrogenase catalytic core domain is pivotal for DHRS7C function. In DHRS7CKO, DHRS7C-Y191F, and DHRS7C-K195Q cells, the resting level of cytosolic Ca2+ and total amount of Ca2+ storage in the ER/SR were significantly higher than those in control C2C12 and DHRS7C-WT cells after differentiation. Additionally, Ca2+ release from the ER/SR induced by thapsigargin and 4-chloro-m-cresol was augmented in these cells and calpain, a calcium-dependent protease, was significantly activated in DHRS7C-KO, DHRS7C-Y191F, and DHRS7C-K195Q myotubes, consistent with the higher resting level of cytosolic Ca2+ concentration and enlarged morphology after differentiation. Furthermore, treatment with a calpain inhibitor abolished the enlarged cellular morphology. Taken together, our findings suggested that DHRS7C maintains intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis involving the ER/SR and that functional loss of DHRS7C leads to Ca2+ overload in the cytosol and ER/SR, resulting in enlarged cellular morphology via calpain activation.

AB - Dehydrogenase/reductase member 7C (DHRS7C) is a newly identified NAD/NADHdependent dehydrogenase that is expressed in cardiac and skeletal muscle and localized in the endoplasmic/sarcoplasmic reticulum (ER/ SR). However, its functional role in muscle cells remains to be fully elucidated. Here, we investigated the role of DHRS7C by analyzing mouse C2C12 myoblasts deficient in DHRS7C (DHRS7C-KO cells), overexpressing wild-type DHRS7C (DHRS7C-WT cells), or expressing mutant DHRS7C [DHRS7C-Y191F or DHRS7C-K195Q cells, harboring point mutations in the NAD/NADH-dependent dehydrogenase catalytic core domain (YXXXK)]. DHRS7C expression was induced as C2C12 myoblasts differentiated into mature myotubes, whereas DHRS7C-KO myotubes exhibited enlarged cellular morphology after differentiation. Notably, both DHRS7C-Y191F and DHRS7C-K195Q cells also showed similar enlarged cellular morphology, suggesting that the NAD/NADH-dependent dehydrogenase catalytic core domain is pivotal for DHRS7C function. In DHRS7CKO, DHRS7C-Y191F, and DHRS7C-K195Q cells, the resting level of cytosolic Ca2+ and total amount of Ca2+ storage in the ER/SR were significantly higher than those in control C2C12 and DHRS7C-WT cells after differentiation. Additionally, Ca2+ release from the ER/SR induced by thapsigargin and 4-chloro-m-cresol was augmented in these cells and calpain, a calcium-dependent protease, was significantly activated in DHRS7C-KO, DHRS7C-Y191F, and DHRS7C-K195Q myotubes, consistent with the higher resting level of cytosolic Ca2+ concentration and enlarged morphology after differentiation. Furthermore, treatment with a calpain inhibitor abolished the enlarged cellular morphology. Taken together, our findings suggested that DHRS7C maintains intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis involving the ER/SR and that functional loss of DHRS7C leads to Ca2+ overload in the cytosol and ER/SR, resulting in enlarged cellular morphology via calpain activation.

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