Functional role of Egr-1 mediating VEGF-induced tissue factor expression in the retinal capillary endothelium

Yukio Sassa, Yasuaki Hata, Toshinori Murata, Ichiro Yamanaka, Masae Honda, Toshio Hisatomi, Kimihiko Fujisawa, Taiji Sakamoto, Toshiaki Kubota, Kazunori Nakagawa, Katsuo Sueishi, Tatsuro Ishibashi

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12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the causal relationship between VEGF and tissue factor (TF) expression, and its intracellular signaling in the retinal capillary endothelium both in vitro and in vivo. Methods: TF mRNA and protein expression in cultured bovine retinal capillary endothelial cells (BRECs) were detected by RT-PCR and western blotting. The expression and subcellular localization of Egr-1 were analyzed by immunocytochemistry and western blotting. Involvement of p44/p42 MAPK pathway in this signaling was assessed using PD98059. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) was performed using human TF Egr-1/Sp-1 overlapping promoter region (-85 to -70). Decoy oligonucleotide was transfected into BRECs to clarify the critical transcription factor mediating VEGF-induced TF gene expression. To evaluate the importance of GC rich region in VEGF-induced TF protein expression in rat retinas, Mithramycin was intraperitoneally administered. Results: VEGF stimulated TF mRNA and protein expression in cultured BRECs, reaching maximal effect after 4 h and 10 h, respectively. VEGF activated transcription factor Egr-1 within 60 min. Inactivation of Egr-1 by PD98059 resulted in the prohibition of VEGF-induced TF gene expression. EMSA revealed the increment of Egr-1 binding with TF promoter region by displacing Sp1 after treatment with VEGF. Transfection of the Egr-1/Sp- overlapping decoy into BRECs inhibited VEGF-dependent TF gene expression. Mithramycin almost completely suppressed VEGF-induced TF protein expression in retinal capillary system in vivo (80%, p<0.01). Conclusion: Transcription factor Egr-1, which lies downstream of p44/p42 MAPK, critically mediates VEGF-dependent TF expression in the retinal capillary endothelium.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1003-1010
Number of pages8
JournalGraefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Volume240
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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