Methionyl-tRNA synthetase (MetRS, 2 x 75 kDa) was purified to homogeneity from an extreme thermophile, Thermus thermophilus HB8. The polypeptide chain of MetRS was cleaved by limited digestion with trypsin into four domains: T1 (29 kDa), T2 (23 kDa), T3 (14.5 kDa), and T4 (7.5 kDa), which were aligned in that order. MetRS was also cleaved into similar fragments with a variety of other proteases. Domains T1, T2, T3, and T4 were isolated by column chromatography. 'Tandem domain' T1-T2 (56 kDa) is fully active in the aminoacylation of tRNA and is further cleaved with trypsin into domains T1 and T2. Domain T1 is the smallest aminoacylation unit so far reported. Domain T2 (enzymatically inactive) interacts with tRNA(f)(Met), as found by UV-induced cross-linking. Isolated domain T3 forms a dimer and is responsible for the dimer assembly of two protomers in MetRS. Domain T4 is a flexible tail of MetRS. These domains, in particular T1 and T2, will be important for detailed structure analyses in relation to aminoacylation activity.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 1987|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology