Both experimental and numerical approaches have been done on switching arc plasmas for fundamental studies. In the experimental approaches, power-semiconductor switching has been used to control intentional current injections and voltage applications to switching arcs with a high accuracy in time. The systematic experiments provided the interruption probability property for different gas kinds and gas flow rates, as well as the dielectric recovery properties between the electrodes. Time evolutions in electron density were derived by Laser Thomson Scattering (LTS) and Shack-Hartmann (SH) method for different gases. On the other hand, for this nozzle space, numerical models were developed to simulate arc dynamic behaviors with and without local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE) assumptions for different gases. It was found that the time evolution in electron density derived by the chemically non-equilibrium model is in good agreement with the experimental results by LTS.