This chapter describes the academic knowledge needed in the design and operation of power plants. In both thermal and nuclear power plants, thermal energy is transferred to mechanical energy. Efficiency to convert the thermal energy to the mechanical energy is hence very important in power plants. Basic laws of energy conversion are discussed in Section 3.1: Thermodynamics. In the power plants, the heat is transferred to working fluid such as water, helium, and liquid sodium. After receiving the heat, the working fluid is conveyed to turbine to generate electricity. The fluid flow and heat transfer are hence important fundamental processes encountered in the power plants. These are discussed in Section 3.2: Fluid Dynamics and Section 3.3: Heat Transfer, respectively. The academic knowledge discussed in Sections 3.1-3.3 is commonly important in the thermal and nuclear power plants. The most essential difference between the thermal and nuclear power plants is the heat generation method. The heat is generated by fuel combustion in the thermal power plants and by nuclear reaction in the nuclear power plants. The basic principles of combustion and nuclear reaction are discussed in Section 3.4: Combustion and Section 3.5: Nuclear Physics, respectively.
|Title of host publication||Fundamentals of Thermal and Nuclear Power Generation|
|Number of pages||150|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 2021|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)
- Business, Management and Accounting(all)