Gamma distribution model of diffusion MRI for the differentiation of primary central nerve system lymphomas and glioblastomas

Osamu Togao, Toru Chikui, Kenji Tokumori, Yukiko Kami, Kazufumi Kikuchi, Daichi Momosaka, Yoshitomo Kikuchi, Daisuke Kuga, Nobuhiro Hata, Masahiro Mizoguchi, Koji Iihara, Akio Hiwatashi

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Abstract

The preoperative imaging-based differentiation of primary central nervous system lymphomas (PCNSLs) and glioblastomas (GBs) is of high importance since the therapeutic strategies differ substantially between these tumors. In this study, we investigate whether the gamma distribution (GD) model is useful in this differentiation of PNCSLs and GBs. Twentyseven patients with PCNSLs and 57 patients with GBs were imaged with diffusion-weighted imaging using 13 b-values ranging from 0 to 1000 sec/mm2. The shape parameter (κ) and scale parameter (θ) were obtained with the GD model. Fractions of three different areas under the probability density function curve (f1, f2, f3) were defined as follows: f1, diffusion coefficient (D) <1.0×10-3 mm2/sec; f2, D >1.0×10-3 and <3.0×10-3 mm2/sec; f3, D >3.0 × 10-3 mm2/sec. The GD model-derived parameters were compared between PCNSLs and GBs. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses were performed to assess diagnostic performance. The correlations with intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM)-derived parameters were evaluated. The PCNSL group's κ (2.26 ± 1.00) was significantly smaller than the GB group's (3.62 ± 2.01, p = 0.0004). The PCNSL group's f1 (0.542 ± 0.107) was significantly larger than the GB group's (0.348 ± 0.132, p<0.0001). The PCNSL group's f2 (0.372 ± 0.098) was significantly smaller than the GB group's (0.508 ± 0.127, p<0.0001). The PCNSL group's f3 (0.086 ± 0.043) was significantly smaller than the GB group's (0.144 ± 0.062, p<0.0001). The combination of κ, f1, and f3 showed excellent diagnostic performance (area under the curve, 0.909). The f1 had an almost perfect inverse correlation with D. The f2 and f3 had very strong positive correlations with D and f, respectively. The GD model is useful for the differentiation of GBs and PCNSLs.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0243839
JournalPloS one
Volume15
Issue number12 December
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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