We report a case of adenosquamous carcinoma of the stomach that produced granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF). The patient, who had an admission diagnosis of advanced gastric cancer, had marked leukocytosis without evidence of infection. After leukemia and metastatic leukemoid reaction were excluded by bone marrow examination, a G-CSF-producing cancer was suspected as the cause of the abnormally elevated serum G-CSF level. The resected stomach tumor was histologically diagnosed as adenosquamous carcinoma; positive expression of G-CSF by tumor cells was shown with immunohistochemical detection, which confirmed the preoperative diagnosis. Recurrent disease in the liver and lymph nodes, accompanied by leukocytosis and re-elevation of serum G-CSF, developed just 3 months after the curative gastrectomy and adjuvant chemotherapy. All of the recurrent disease was resected, restoring normal levels of serum G-CSF. The patient survived for almost 2 years after the initial surgery with extensive chemotherapy, including weekly treatment with paclitaxel, before finally succumbing to liver failure secondary to extensive liver metastasis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research