Gut hormone gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP) stimulates insulin secretion from pancreatic β-cells upon ingestion of nutrients. Inhibition of GIP signaling prevents the onset of obesity and consequent insulin resistance induced by high-fat diet. In this study, we investigated the role of GIP in accumulation of triglycerides into adipocytes and in fat oxidation peripherally using insulin receptor substrate (IRS)-1-deficient mice and revealed that IRS-1-/- GIPR-/- mice exhibited both reduced adiposity and ameliorated insulin resistance. Furthermore, increased gene expression of CD36 and UCP2 in liver, and increased expression and enzyme activity of 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase in skeletal muscle of IRS-1-/- GIPR-/- mice might contribute to the lower respiratory quotient and the higher fat oxidation in light phase. These results suggest that GIP plays a crucial role in switching from fat oxidation to fat accumulation under the diminished insulin action as a potential target for secondary prevention of insulin resistance.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 30 2005|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology