We treated a 39-year-old woman with hypoproteinemia and anemia who had profuse gastric polyposis. Radiographic and endoscopic examination showed numerous polyps restricted to the stomach. The patient had pulmonary arteriovenous malformations in the left lung. Histological examination of the resected stomach revealed the gastric polyposis to be composed of cystic dilatation of the glands with small areas of adenocarcinoma. These findings were compatible with gastric juvenile polyposis (GJP) accompanied by gastric cancer. Analysis of genomic DNA revealed that the patient had truncating mutation of SMAD4, a responsible gene for juvenile polyposis (JP). Our case suggests that SMAD4 is possibly a responsible gene for GJP.
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