Gastric microbiota in patients with Helicobacter pylori-negative gastric MALT lymphoma

Takahide Tanaka, Yuichi Matsuno, Takehiro Torisu, Hiroki Shibata, Atsushi Hirano, Junji Umeno, Keisuke Kawasaki, Shin Fujioka, Yuta Fuyuno, Tomohiko Moriyama, Motohiro Esaki, Takanari Kitazono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

ABSTRACT: To investigate the mucosal microbiota in the stomach of patients with Helicobacter pylori-negative mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma by means of metagenomic analysis.Although some gastric MALT lymphomas are associated with the presence of H. pylori, other gastric MALT lymphomas occur independently of H. pylori infection. The pathogenesis of H. pylori-negative MALT lymphoma remains unclear.Mucosal biopsy specimens were collected from the gastric body from 33 MALT lymphoma patients with gastric lesions, including both H. pylori-infection naïve patients and posteradication patients, as well as 27 control participants without H. pylori infection or cancer. Subsequently, the samples were subjected to 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Quantitative insights into microbial ecology, linear discriminant analysis effect size, and phylogenetic investigation of communities by reconstruction of unobserved states softwares were used to analyze the participants' microbiota.H. pylori-negative MALT lymphoma patients had significantly lower alpha diversity (P = .04), compared with control participants. Significant differences were evident in the microbial composition (P = .04), as determined by comparison of beta diversity between the 2 groups. Taxonomic composition analysis indicated that the genera Burkholderia and Sphingomonas were significantly more abundant in MALT lymphoma patients, while the genera Prevotella and Veillonella were less abundant. Functional microbiota prediction showed that the predicted gene pathways "replication and repair," "translation," and "nucleotide metabolism" were downregulated in MALT lymphoma patients.H. pylori-negative MALT lymphoma patients exhibited altered gastric mucosal microbial compositions, suggesting that altered microbiota might be involved in the pathogenesis of H. pylori-negative MALT lymphoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e27287
JournalMedicine
Volume100
Issue number38
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 24 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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