Gender disparities in quality of life and psychological disturbance in patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators

Anita Rahmawati, Akiko Chishaki, Hiroyuki Sawatari, Miyuki Tsuchihashi-Makaya, Yuko Ohtsuka, Mori Nakai, Mami Miyazono, Nobuko Hashiguchi, Harumizu Sakurada, Masao Takemoto, Yasushi Mukai, Shujiro Inoue, Kenji Sunagawa, Hiroaki Chishaki

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24 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) has improved prognosis in fatal arrhythmia and the number of ICD implantations has increased. ICD-related psychological problems and impaired quality of life (QOL), however, have been observed. This study examined whether gender differences exist in QOL and psychological disturbances in ICD patients. Methods and Results: Consecutive outpatients (n=179; mean age, 60.5±15.9 years; 81% male) with ICD implantations completed questionnaires consisting of the Short Form-8 (SF-8), Beck Depression Inventory, Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and Worries about ICD. One-way multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) showed women to have impaired QOL on the role physical functioning (F15,157=4.57, P<0.05) and bodily pain (F15,157=5.26, P<0.05) subscales of the SF-8. More women reported depression (F15,157=5.37, P<0.05) and worry about ICD than men (F15,157=6.62, P<0.05). Moreover, women also had higher IES-R scores indicating post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) than men (F15,157=5.87, P<0.05). Conclusions: Women reported poorer QOL on 2 subscales: role physical functioning and bodily pain. There was a significant relationship between gender and depression, worry about ICD, and PTSD, but not for anxiety. Female patients need more psychological interventions following ICD implantation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1158-1165
Number of pages8
JournalCirculation Journal
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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