General strategy for a large-scale fabric with branched nanofiber-nanorod hierarchical heterostructure

Controllable synthesis and applications

Meng Shang, Wenzhong Wang, Wenzong Yin, Jia Ren, Songmei Sun, Ling Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

70 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The preparation and characterization of a branched nanofiber- nanorod hierarchical heterostructure fabric (TiO2/NiO, TiO2/ZnO, and TiO2/ SnO2) are described. The nanomaterial was synthesized on a large scale by an inexpensive, generalizable, facile, and controllable approach by combining the electrospinning technique with a hydrothermal method. The controllable formation process and factors (assistance by hexamethylenetetramine and metal oxide nuclei) influencing the morphology of the branched hierarchical heterostructure are discussed. In addition, photocurrent and photocata- lytic studies suggest that the branched hierarchical heterostructure fabric shows higher mobility of charge carriers and enhanced photocatalytic activity relative to a bare TiO2 nanofibrous mat and other heterostructures under irradiation by light. This work demonstrates the possibility of growing branched heterostructure fabrics of various uniform, one-dimensional, functional metal oxide nanorods on a TiO2 nanofibrous mat, which has a tunable morphology by changing the precursor. The study may open a new channel for building hierarchical heterostructure device fabrics with optical and catalytic properties, and allow the realization of a new class of nano-heterostructure devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11412-11419
Number of pages8
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Volume16
Issue number37
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 4 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Nanofibers
Nanorods
Heterojunctions
Oxides
Metals
Methenamine
Electrospinning
Charge carriers
Photocurrents
Nanostructured materials
Irradiation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

General strategy for a large-scale fabric with branched nanofiber-nanorod hierarchical heterostructure : Controllable synthesis and applications. / Shang, Meng; Wang, Wenzhong; Yin, Wenzong; Ren, Jia; Sun, Songmei; Zhang, Ling.

In: Chemistry - A European Journal, Vol. 16, No. 37, 04.10.2010, p. 11412-11419.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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