Generation mechanisms of non-metallic inclusions in high-cleanliness steel

Kiyoshi Kawakami, Tsuyoshi Taniguchi, Kunihiko Nakashima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There have been many research reports regarding the deoxidation and oxygen reduction in steel since around 1970, some reports have discussed the genesis, growth and separation mechanisms of individual oxide inclusions in steel during refining. However, most of the investigation of deoxidation dealt with the steel with high oxygen content, where the sum of such base-metal oxides as Fe xO, MnO and Cr2O3, in the secondary refining slag amounted to 5 to 10 mass%, or higher. In this research, the behavior of the inclusions in clean steel practice was investigated, where the base metal oxides in slag do not exceed 1 mass%. It has been found that there are two important mechanisms of oxide inclusion generation other than "Deoxidation reaction" and "slag trapping" which are often assumed to be the origins of oxides during secondary refining. One is "Desulfurization reaction"; the amount of alumina formed by desulfurization after deoxidation is greater than that by the deoxidation reaction. The other is, namely, "Intrinsic reaction"; lime-bearing inclusions are formed by deoxidation/oxidation reactions of CaO and Al.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)743-752
Number of pages10
JournalTetsu-To-Hagane/Journal of the Iron and Steel Institute of Japan
Volume93
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2007

Fingerprint

cleanliness
Steel
Oxides
steels
inclusions
slags
refining
Slags
Refining
Desulfurization
metal oxides
oxides
Bearings (structural)
Metals
Oxygen
Aluminum Oxide
calcium oxides
oxygen
Lime
Alumina

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Generation mechanisms of non-metallic inclusions in high-cleanliness steel. / Kawakami, Kiyoshi; Taniguchi, Tsuyoshi; Nakashima, Kunihiko.

In: Tetsu-To-Hagane/Journal of the Iron and Steel Institute of Japan, Vol. 93, No. 12, 01.01.2007, p. 743-752.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{5ef8792e044f42c183c0879e13cfda4b,
title = "Generation mechanisms of non-metallic inclusions in high-cleanliness steel",
abstract = "There have been many research reports regarding the deoxidation and oxygen reduction in steel since around 1970, some reports have discussed the genesis, growth and separation mechanisms of individual oxide inclusions in steel during refining. However, most of the investigation of deoxidation dealt with the steel with high oxygen content, where the sum of such base-metal oxides as Fe xO, MnO and Cr2O3, in the secondary refining slag amounted to 5 to 10 mass{\%}, or higher. In this research, the behavior of the inclusions in clean steel practice was investigated, where the base metal oxides in slag do not exceed 1 mass{\%}. It has been found that there are two important mechanisms of oxide inclusion generation other than {"}Deoxidation reaction{"} and {"}slag trapping{"} which are often assumed to be the origins of oxides during secondary refining. One is {"}Desulfurization reaction{"}; the amount of alumina formed by desulfurization after deoxidation is greater than that by the deoxidation reaction. The other is, namely, {"}Intrinsic reaction{"}; lime-bearing inclusions are formed by deoxidation/oxidation reactions of CaO and Al.",
author = "Kiyoshi Kawakami and Tsuyoshi Taniguchi and Kunihiko Nakashima",
year = "2007",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.2355/tetsutohagane.93.743",
language = "English",
volume = "93",
pages = "743--752",
journal = "Tetsu-To-Hagane/Journal of the Iron and Steel Institute of Japan",
issn = "0021-1575",
publisher = "一般社団法人 日本鉄鋼協会",
number = "12",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Generation mechanisms of non-metallic inclusions in high-cleanliness steel

AU - Kawakami, Kiyoshi

AU - Taniguchi, Tsuyoshi

AU - Nakashima, Kunihiko

PY - 2007/1/1

Y1 - 2007/1/1

N2 - There have been many research reports regarding the deoxidation and oxygen reduction in steel since around 1970, some reports have discussed the genesis, growth and separation mechanisms of individual oxide inclusions in steel during refining. However, most of the investigation of deoxidation dealt with the steel with high oxygen content, where the sum of such base-metal oxides as Fe xO, MnO and Cr2O3, in the secondary refining slag amounted to 5 to 10 mass%, or higher. In this research, the behavior of the inclusions in clean steel practice was investigated, where the base metal oxides in slag do not exceed 1 mass%. It has been found that there are two important mechanisms of oxide inclusion generation other than "Deoxidation reaction" and "slag trapping" which are often assumed to be the origins of oxides during secondary refining. One is "Desulfurization reaction"; the amount of alumina formed by desulfurization after deoxidation is greater than that by the deoxidation reaction. The other is, namely, "Intrinsic reaction"; lime-bearing inclusions are formed by deoxidation/oxidation reactions of CaO and Al.

AB - There have been many research reports regarding the deoxidation and oxygen reduction in steel since around 1970, some reports have discussed the genesis, growth and separation mechanisms of individual oxide inclusions in steel during refining. However, most of the investigation of deoxidation dealt with the steel with high oxygen content, where the sum of such base-metal oxides as Fe xO, MnO and Cr2O3, in the secondary refining slag amounted to 5 to 10 mass%, or higher. In this research, the behavior of the inclusions in clean steel practice was investigated, where the base metal oxides in slag do not exceed 1 mass%. It has been found that there are two important mechanisms of oxide inclusion generation other than "Deoxidation reaction" and "slag trapping" which are often assumed to be the origins of oxides during secondary refining. One is "Desulfurization reaction"; the amount of alumina formed by desulfurization after deoxidation is greater than that by the deoxidation reaction. The other is, namely, "Intrinsic reaction"; lime-bearing inclusions are formed by deoxidation/oxidation reactions of CaO and Al.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=38949198046&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=38949198046&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2355/tetsutohagane.93.743

DO - 10.2355/tetsutohagane.93.743

M3 - Article

VL - 93

SP - 743

EP - 752

JO - Tetsu-To-Hagane/Journal of the Iron and Steel Institute of Japan

JF - Tetsu-To-Hagane/Journal of the Iron and Steel Institute of Japan

SN - 0021-1575

IS - 12

ER -