Generation of CD4+ blastoid T cells showing marked upregulation of CD4, class I and II MHC, and IL2 receptor molecules is required for the expression of potent encephalitogenicity

Jun Ichi Kira, Yasuto Itoyama, Ikuo Goto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The relationship between surface molecule expression and encephalitogenicity of myelin basic protein (BP)-sensitized cells induced by three different sensitization protocols was studied using adoptive transfer in Lewis rats. (i) In BP/CFA sensitization, CD4+ blastoid T cells showing marked upregulation of CD4, class I and II MHC, and IL2 receptor molecules, but not CD5, CD8, or CD45, were generated after culture with BP. In this case, BP-cultured cells were strongly encephalitogenic in the recipients. (ii) In the case of BP/IFA sensitization, CD4+ T cells showed no remarkable change of cell size or surface molecule expression after culture with BP and were weakly encephalitogenic in the recipients. Vigorous proliferation of the cells induced by addition of recombinant IL2 to the culture with BP neither enhanced the encephalitogenicity nor produced CD4+ blastoid T cells showing marked upregulation of CD4, class I and II MHC, and IL2 receptor molecules. (iii) The sequentially transferred naive T cells showed no remarkable change of cell size or surface molecule expression, even after a second culture with BP, and were the least encephalitogenic. These data suggest that the generation of CD4+ blastoid T cells showing marked upregulation of CD4, class I and II MHC, and IL2 receptor molecules but not vigorous proliferation correlates closely with the potent encephalitogenicity in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)264-275
Number of pages12
JournalCellular Immunology
Volume123
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 15 1989

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology

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