The generation of map units is a fundamental step for an appropriate assessment of landslide susceptibility. Recent studies have indicated that the terrain relief-based slope units perform better in homogeneity compared with the grid units. However, it is difficult at present to generate high-precision and high-matching slope units by traditional methods. The problem commonly concentrates in the plain areas without obvious terrain reliefs and the junction of sudden changes in terrain. In this paper, we propose a novel object-oriented segmentation method for generating homogeneous slope units. Herein, the multi-resolution segmentation algorithm in the image processing field is introduced, enabling the integration of terrain boundary conditions and image segmentation conditions in slope units. In order to illustrate the performances of the proposed method, Kitakyushu region in Japan is selected as a case study. The results show that the proposed method generates satisfactory slope units that satisfactorily reproduce the actual terrain relief, with the best within-unit and between-unit homogeneities compared with the previous methods, in particular at the plain areas. We also verify the effectiveness of the presented method through the sensitivity analysis using different resolutions of digital elevation models (DEMs) data of the region. It is reported that the presented approach is notably advanced in the requirements of the quality of DEM data, as the presented approach is less sensitive to DEM spatial resolution compared with other available methods.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Geography, Planning and Development
- Aquatic Science
- Water Science and Technology