We previously reported the development of a prototype 'oncolytic Sendai virus (SeV) vector' formed by introducing two major genomic modifications to the original SeV, namely deletion of the matrix (M) gene to avoid budding of secondary viral particles and manipulation of the trypsin-dependent cleavage site of the fusion (F) gene to generate protease-specific sequences. As a result, the 'oncolytic SeV' that was susceptible to matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) was shown to selectively kill MMP-expressing tumors through syncytium formation in vitro and in vivo. However, its efficacy has been relatively limited because of the requirement of higher expression of MMPs and smaller populations of MMP-expressing tumors. To overcome these limitations, we have designed an optimized and dramatically powerful oncolytic SeV vector. Truncation of 14-amino acid residues of the cytoplasmic domain of F protein resulted in dramatic enhancement of cell-killing activities of oncolytic SeV, and the combination with replacement of the trypsin cleavage site with the new urokinase type plasminogen activator (uPA)-sensitive sequence (SGRS) led a variety of human tumors, including prostate (PC-3), renal (CAKI-I), pancreatic (BxPC3) and lung (PC14) cancers, to extensive death through massive cell-to-cell spreading without significant dissemination to the surrounding noncancerous tissue in vivo. These results indicate a dramatic improvement of antitumor activity; therefore, extensive utility of the newly designed uPA-targeted oncolytic SeV has significant potential for treating patients bearing urokinase-expressing cancers in clinical settings.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Molecular Biology