Genetic and environmental factors in the longitudinal growth of rats: II. Ventrodorsal craniofacial size

Kazuaki Nonaka, M. Nakata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

By means of roentgenographic cephalometry and quantitative analysis, the relative contribution of the genetic and environmental components to the ontogenic change of the ventrodorsal view of the craniofacial complex was shown to vary with age. The genetic component of variance signficantly increased until the 80th day. Inversely, the maternal component of variance showed a large value during the early stage of postnatal growth and gradually decreased thereafter to a very small amount by the 80th day. In general, it appeared that the genetic effect became larger with the age of the rat and the maternal effects tended to diminish. The environmental component of variance did not change much over the course of the experiment. We thus concluded that the genetic effect contributed to the change of the ontogenic variation of the craniofacial complex through all experimental periods and the maternal effect contributed to the change at the early growth stage of the craniofacial complex.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329-335
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Craniofacial Genetics and Developmental Biology
Volume8
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1988

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental Biology
  • Genetics

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