Genetically mediated induction of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase activity in human lymphoblastoid cells by polychlorinated dibenzofuran isomers and 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin

Junya Nagayama, Chikako Kiyohara, Yoshito Masuda, Masanori Kuratsune

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Aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase(AHH)-inducing potency of toxic polychlorinated aromatic hydrocarbons such as polychlorinated dibenzofuran (PCDF) isomers, 3,4,5,3′,4′,5′-hexachlorobiphenyl (HCB) and 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) was investigated in human lymphoblastoid cell lines with different AHH inducibility for 3-methylcholanthrene (3-MC) obtained from healthy subjects. Each of the cell lines was treated with eitht individual PCDF isomers, TCDD, and HCB at doses of 1.9-15 ng/ml of culture medium, 1.9-7.5 ng/ml and 95 ng/ml, respectively. Lymphoblastoid cell lines were arbitrarily classified into three groups based on their AHH inducibilities with 3-MC (2.5 μM); low (3-MC/ control=I<3), middle (3<=I<6) and high (I>=6). Degrees of the enzyme inducibilities of the organochlorine compounds proportionally increased with those for 3-MC. AHH inducibilities with 2,3,4,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran(2,3,4,7,8-PCDF), 1,2,3,4,6,7-hexachlorodibenzofuran(1,2,3.4,6,7-HCDF) and 1,2,3,4,7,8-hexachlorodibenzofuran(1,2,3,4,7,8-HCDF) were comparable to those of TCDD at doses of 7.5 ng/ ml, and about twice as high as those of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzofuran (TCDF), at the same dose, HCB, at a dose of 95 ng/ ml, did not induce enzyme activity. The experimental evidence indicated that AHH inducibility by the organochlorine compounds reflected the genetic susceptibility of the cells to the phenomenon of induction, and PCDF isomers found at relatively high concentrations in tissues of mammals exerted the highest values of AHH induction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)230-235
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Toxicology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 1985


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Toxicology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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