GEO-X (GEOspace X-ray imager) is a small satellite mission aiming at visualization of the Earth’s magnetosphere by X-rays and revealing dynamical couplings between solar wind and magnetosphere. In-situ spacecraft have revealed various phenomena in the magnetosphere. In recent years, X-ray astronomy satellite observations discovered soft X-ray emission originated from the magnetosphere. We therefore develop GEO-X by integrating innovative technologies of the wide FOV X-ray instrument and the microsatellite technology for deep space exploration. GEO-X is a 50 kg class microsatellite carrying a novel compact X-ray imaging spectrometer payload. The microsatellite having a large delta v (>700 m/s) to increase an altitude at 40-60 RE from relatively low-altitude (e.g., Geo Transfer Orbit) piggyback launch is necessary. We thus combine a 18U Cubesat with the hybrid kick motor composed of liquid N2O and polyethylene. We also develop a wide FOV (5×5 deg) and a good spatial resolution (10 arcmin) X-ray (0.3-2 keV) imager. We utilize a micromachined X-ray telescope, and a CMOS detector system with an optical blocking filter. We aim to launch the satellite around the 25th solar maximum.