Geochronological constraints using 40AR/39AR dating on the mineralization of the Hishikari epithermal gold deposit, Japan

Kenzo Sanematsu, Robert Duncan, Akira Imai, Koichiro Watanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ages for thirty adularia samples collected from various veins were in the Hishikari gold deposit determined by 40Ar/39Ar dating to constrain the timing of adularia-quartz vein formation and to determine the temporal change in temperature of hydrothermal fluid. Plateau ages were obtained from all adularia samples, and significant excess 40Ar is not recognized from inverse isochrones. The duration of mineralization within individual veins was determined by adularia ages from the early and late stages of mineralization within the same vein. The durations of mineralization in the Daisen-1, Daisen-3, Hosen-2 and Keisen-3 veins in the Honko-Sanjin zone were 7,000, 140,000, 160,000 and 170,000 years, respectively. The durations of mineralization in the Seisen-2 and Yusen-1-2 veins in the Yamada zones were 360,000 and 320,000 years, respectively. Mineralization lasted for a relatively longer period in individual veins at the Yamada zone. Mineralization ages from the Honko-Sanjin zone range from 1.04 to 0.75 Ma, and most mineralization ages are concentrated in a short period from 1.01 to 0.88 Ma. In contrast, mineralization ages for the Yamada zone range from 1.21 to 0.64 Ma. These results indicate that fracturing and subsequent vein formation lasted for a longer period in the Yamada zone (about 570,000 years) compared with those events in the Honko-Sanjin zone (about 290,000 years). The homogenization temperatures of liquid-rich fluid inclusions in columnar adularia used for age determination were determined to be 223°C on average, and most of these temperatures range from 180 to 258°C. No significant temporal change in homogenization temperature is recognized in this study. However, adularia in the Keisen veins indicated higher homogenization temperatures compared with elsewhere in the deposit, suggesting that the principal ascent of mineralizing hydrothermal fluid was via the Keisen veins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-266
Number of pages18
JournalResource Geology
Volume55
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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