Geochronology and magmatic evolution of the Dieng Volcanic Complex, Central Java, Indonesia and their relationships to geothermal resources

Agung Harijoko, Ryusuke Uruma, Haryo Edi Wibowo, Lucas Doni Setijadji, Akira Imai, Kotaro Yonezu, Koichiro Watanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We analyzed new radiometric dating and petrological data of DVC in an attempt to reconstruct volcanic history as groundwork to understand magmatic temporal and spatial evolution. The magma of DVC can be divided on the basis of mineral composition into three types: olivine bearing basalt-basaltic andesite, pyroxene basaltic andesite-andesite, and biotite andesite-dacite, which coincide with three volcanic episodes of DVC: pre-caldera, second, and youngest episode, respectively. The pre-caldera episode was active no later than 1Ma, the second episode occurred between 0.3 and 0.4Ma, and the youngest occurred after 0.27Ma. Plots of CaO, K2O, Al2O3, and Rb/Sr against FeO*/MgO and/or MgO suggest that each volcanic episode has distinct differentiation trends, indicating the presence of multiple shallow magma chambers. The close spatial relationship between the geothermal manifestation, geophysical anomalies, geothermal production zones and volcanic edifices supports the presence of multiple shallow magma chambers beneath DVC, which act as a heat source for the existing geothermal system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-224
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research
Volume310
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 15 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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