This study aimed to analyze age-related changes in shear wave speed (SWS) of the normal uterine cervix. We studied 362 women with a normal singleton pregnancy at 12-35 weeks' gestation. The SWS of the cervix was measured using transvaginal ultrasonography at the internal os region of the anterior cervix (IOA), posterior cervix (IOP) and cervical canal (IOC), and at the external os region of the anterior cervix (EOA), posterior cervix (EOP) and cervical canal (EOC). The following parameters were analyzed: (1) time trend of SWS of the individual sampling points, (2) comparison of SWS in the internal cervical region and SWS in the external cervical region, and (3) comparison of SWS between the internal and external cervical regions. Statistical analyses were performed using mixed-effects models. The SWS of IOP decreased in bilinear regression, with a critical change in the rate at 22 weeks, whereas the SWS of the remaining points decreased linearly. The estimated values of SWS of IOP at 84, 154 and 251 days were higher than those of IOA and IOC (P<0.001). The estimated values of SWS of IOP at 84 and 154 days were higher than those of EOP (P<0.001). Significant differences between IOP and EOP were shown until 244 days (P<0.05). The estimated value of SWS of IOC at 84 days was higher than that of EOC (P<0.001). Significant differences between IOC and EOC were shown until 210 days (P<0.05). The SWS of the uterine cervix in pregnancy decreases with advancing gestation. The SWS of IOP had the highest value among the sampling points with unique characteristics.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology