The genetic alterations that occur during esophageal tumorigenesis have yet to be determined. We previously established a Wister rat carcinogenesis model of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. To understand more about the molecular mechanisms during carcinogenesis, we produced esophageal neoplastic lesions by administering N-amyl-N-methylnitrosamine and 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13- acetate to rats. We used laser microdissection to specifically isolate the cells from the normal epithelium, papilloma, dysplasia, and invasive carcinoma. Using a cDNA microarray representing 14,815 clones, we then analyzed the gene expression profiles for each esophageal lesion. The number of differentially expressed genes compared with the normal control dramatically increased in a step-by-step fashion from normal epithelium (1,151 ± 119 genes) to papilloma (1,899 ± 543 genes), dysplasia (1,991 ± 193 genes), and invasive carcinoma (2,756 ± 87 genes). A hierarchical clustering analysis showed that the three stages of normal epithelium, dysplasia (papilloma), and invasive carcinoma could be clearly classified, whereas the gene expression patterns of papilloma and dysplasia were indistinguishable. Using the Fisher criterion, we also identified 50 genes whose expression level had either significantly increased or decreased in a step-by-step manner from the normal epithelium to dysplasia and then finally to invasive carcinoma. Many of these genes were not previously known to be associated with esophageal carcinogenesis. The present findings in our rat model thus seem to provide us with a better understanding of the molecular alterations that occur during esophageal carcinogenesis and hopefully will also help lead to the development of novel diagnostic and therapeutic targets.
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 15 2005|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research