During 26–29 March 2017 magnetic storm, the Arase satellite observed typical ultra low frequency (ULF) waves and acceleration of relativistic electrons. We simulate the global distribution of these ULF waves using CRCM with BATSRUS global magnetospheric magnetohydrodynamic model. The simulation can qualitatively reproduce the ULF waves observed by Arase at frequencies of 2–3 mHz. However, the simulated ULF wave power is 1–2 orders of magnitude smaller than the observation. The simulated ULF wave activity has a good correlation with the solar-wind dynamic pressure variation, while the wave activity on the ground is enhanced even during the recovery phase, possibly due to the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability and/or substorms. We also study the 3–6 April 2017 magnetic storm, in which low ULF wave activity and weak acceleration of relativistic electrons are seen. We suggest that the existence of ULF waves plays an important role in accelerating electrons up to relativistic energies.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)