GLP-1 analog liraglutide protects against cardiac steatosis, oxidative stress and apoptosis in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats

Tomoaki Inoue, Toyoshi Inoguchi, Noriyuki Sonoda, Hari Hendarto, Hiroaki Makimura, Shuji Sasaki, Hisashi Yokomizo, Yoshinori Fujimura, Daisuke Miura, Ryoichi Takayanagi

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Objective: Accumulating evidence has implicated that GLP-1 may have a beneficial effect on cardiovascular but the mechanism is not fully understood. Here we show that GLP-1 analog, liraglutide, inhibits cardiac steatosis, oxidative stress and apoptosis in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced type 1 diabetic rats, via activation of AMPK-Sirt1 pathway. Methods: Diabetic rats were treated with subcutaneous injections of liraglutide (0.3mg/kg/12h) for 4 weeks. Myocardial steatosis (detected by oil red O staining and myocardial triglyceride and diacylglycerol (DAG) contents assay), expression of protein kinase C (PKC), heart NAD(P)H oxidase activity, oxidative stress markers (8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine staining), apoptosis (TUNEL analysis) and genes that affect apoptosis and lipid metabolism were evaluated. Results: Administration of liraglutide did not affect plasma glucose and insulin levels or body weights in STZ-induced diabetic rats, but normalized myocardial steatosis, expression of PKC, NAD(P)H oxidase activity, oxidative stress markers and apoptosis, all of which were significantly increased in diabetic hearts. Additionally, expression of genes mediating lipid uptake, synthesis and oxidation were increased in the diabetic hearts, and these increases were all reduced by liraglutide. In addition, liraglutide increased expression of Sirt1 and phosphorylated AMPK in the diabetic hearts. Conclusions: Liraglutide may have a beneficial effect on cardiac steatosis, DAG-PKC-NAD(P)H pathway, oxidative stress and apoptosis via activation of AMPK-Sirt1 pathway, independently of a glucose-lowering effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)250-259
Number of pages10
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2015


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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